Family: Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850 | key
Genus: Holocnemus Simon, 1875 | key
    Taxonomy
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    araneae
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    Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli, 1763)      [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:003407]
    Description male

    Prosoma whitish, often with dark longitudinal band. Sternum black. Chelicerae with lateral stridulatory ridges. Legs: femur I with a prolateral series of 30 to 36 spines. Femur with dark spots, femur I and tibia I ventrally with numerous, short spines. Opisthosoma whitish, dorsally with vague spots, ventrally with black longitudinal band..

    Body length male: 5-7 mm

    Description female

    Palp light brownish, tarsus darker, tibia and tarsus widened. Colouration whitish, prosoma often with dark band, sternum black, with a strong tubercle between coxae IV. Eyes: AME less than one diameter apart. Opisthosoma dorsally with a median red-brown band, ventrally with a wide longitudinal dark band. Opisthosoma oval, without extension behind.

    Body length female: 5-7.5 mm

    Additional information

    Under rocks, in warm terrain, in caves and basements, large webs with irregular meshes.

    Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

    Distribution
      Presence
      No data

    Distribution comment: Ukraine: A. Nadolny (pers. comm.)

    Global distribution (World Spider Catalog 2017): Mediterranean, introduced elsewhere

    Phenology

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    male female
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    References

    Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

    Benhadi-Marín J, Barrientos J A , Ferrández M A, Henriques S, Morano E (2013) Second annotated list of selected spider families (Arachnida: Araneae) held at the University of León (Spain). Revta Ibérica Aracnol 22: 71-78.

    Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S (2015) The Spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 09.03.2015)

    Gajić I, Grbić G (2016) Further notes on spiders from the Special Nature Reserve Zasavica (Serbia). Arachnol Mitt 51: 49-56.

    Huber B A (1995) Copulatory mechanism in Holocnemus pluchei and Pholcus opilionoides, with notes on male cheliceral apophyses and stridulatory organs in Pholcidae (Araneae). Acta Zool Stockholm 76: 291-300.

    Jäger P (2000) Selten nachgewiesene Spinnenarten aus Deutschland (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnol Mitt 19: 49-57.

    Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91.

    Kovács G, Szinetár C, Eichardt J (2006) Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli, 1763) (Araneae: Pholcidae) in Hungary. Állattani Közlemények 91: 9-18.

    Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522.

    Lissner J, Scharff N (2017) Danish Spiders. Online at http://www.danmarks-edderkopper.dk

    Pantini P, Isaia M (2016) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version April 2016). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

    Pesarini C (unpubl.)

    Rozwałka R, Rutkowski T, Bielak-Bielecki P (2017) New data on introduced and rare synanthropic spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) in Poland (II). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin-Polonia 71(1)(for 2016): 59-85.

    van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

    van Helsingen P J (2010c) Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli, 1763 in Nederland (Araneae, Phiolcidae). Nieuwsbrief SPINED 29: 27.

    World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 23.01.2017