Family Araneidae

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1
Opisthosoma with distinct tubercles on anterior or posterior margin

  2  

- Opisthosoma without tubercles; anterior margin sometimes angular at most

  4  

2
(1)
Opisthosoma with two tubercles on anterior margin

  3  

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Opisthosoma posteriorly with one or three tubercles

Cyclosa

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
3
(2)
Diameter of anterior median eyes > diameter of posterior median eyes

Araneus

- Diameter of anterior median eyes approximately equals the diameter of posterior median eyes

Gibbaranea

4
(1)
Opisthosoma twice as long as wide, with distinct longitudinal stripes

Larinia

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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Kupryjanowicz 1995a)
- Different

  5  

5
(4)
Prosoma shining silver; opisthosoma in adult females with white (yellow)-black transversal stripes or opisthosoma laterally lobed

Argiope

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Opisthosoma
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Prosoma not shining silver

  6  

6
(5)
Opisthosoma smooth and shining, mostly without hairs

  7  

- Opisthosoma not shining, often densely covered with hairs

  8  

7
(6)
Opisthosoma dorsally with 3 longitudinal stripes and one to several transversal stripes, ventrally with 2 white longitudinal dots

Singa

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Opisthosoma dorsally only with longitudinal stripes or unicoloured, ventrally without white longitudinal spots

Hypsosinga

8
(6)
Opisthosoma anteriorly with a row of short, strong spines

Cercidia

speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Opisthosoma without spines

  9  

9
(8)

Tibia III with 2 rows of plumose trichobothria; opisthosoma pattern and habitus as fig.

Mangora

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Tibia III
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Opisthosoma
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Tibia III different

  10  

10
(9)
Opisthosoma densely covered with very fine, long and bright hairs; opisthosoma as fig.

Agalenatea

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  11  

11
(10)
Median apophysis of the male pedipalp projecting, distally bipartite; epigyne with very short scapus, originating on anterior margin; habitus as fig.

Larinioides

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  12  

12
(11)
Opisthosoma uniformly green, yellowish or reddish, sometimes with small black points

Araniella

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Opisthosoma with pattern

  13  

13
(12)
Opisthosoma extremely flat, dorsally not elevated

Nuctenea

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Opisthosoma dorsally curved

  14  

14
(13)
Opisthosoma ventrally with a yellow longitudinal spot on the dark median stripe; dorsal pattern as fig.

Aculepeira

speciesimage
Opisthosoma
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Opisthosoma ventrally different

  15  

15
(14)
Sternum bright yellow with small dark margin; habitus as fig.

Zilla

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Sternum dark, sometimes in the middle part a bit brighter

  16  

16
(15)
Opisthosoma longish oval with characteristic dorsal pattern

Neoscona

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Opisthosoma
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Opisthosoma anteriorly distinctly wider than posteriorly; pattern as fig.

Araneus

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
17
(1)

Further genus:

Paracymbium undivided, flatly attached to the bulbus; epigyne anteriorly with a broad chitinous wall or with a scapus; habitus as fig.

Zygiella

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male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
Further genera

1Cyrtarachne
2Cyrtophora
3Glyptogona
4Leviellus
5Lipocrea
6Nemoscolus
7Siwa