Family Dysderidae

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1

All tarsi with claw tufts, posterior metatarsi with scopulae. Anterior border of sternum with labial junction much wider than maxillar junction (Dysderinae)

  2  

-

Anterior tarsi without claw tufts and with 3 claws

  6  

2
(1)

Male bulbus cylindrical

  3  

-

Male bulbus globular

  5  

3
(2)

3-4 cheliceral teeth in one row, anterior edge of labium with a distinct notch, PME with less than 0.5 diameter distant from PLE, male bulbus composed of 2 sclerotized parts with a large apophysis, vulva with an anterior arc-shaped diverticle

Dysdera

speciesimage
Gnathocoxae, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
-

Different

  4  

4
(3)

Chelicerae with 4 teeth in two rows, labium twice as long as wide, bulbus with large chitinous strip at the end, vulva with anterior arc-shaped diverticle, PME 0.5 – 1.5 diameter distant from PLE

Dysderocrates

-

Chelicerae with 3 teeth in promargin row and 2 teeth in retromargin row, PME with less than 0.5 diameter distant from PLE, bulbus with a short and simple chitinised strip at its end, vulva with anterior diverticulum reverse T-shaped, posterior diverticulum large, with 2 lateral wings

Parachtes

5
(2)

Bulbus simple with a long, thin and often sinuous distal part, PLE 1 diameter from PME

Harpactocrates

speciesimage
Gnathocoxae, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

Bulbus with 2 subapical apophyses

Hygrocrates

6
(1)

Anterior edge of sternum with labial junction as wide as maxillar junction. Chitinous strip between all coxae, absent between coxa 1 and maxillae (Harpacteinae)

  7  

speciesimage
Gnathocoxae
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
Gnathocoxae, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

Anterior edge of sternum with labial junction much wider as maxillar junction. Chitinous strip between all coxae and between coxa 1 and maxillae (Rhodinae)

  15  

7
(6)

Sternum dull; embolus usually longer than bulbus, angular at its base, bulbus with a conspicuous distal projection; vulva entirely sclerotized, anterior part reverse T-shaped

Dasumia

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini unpubl.)
-

Different

  8  

8
(7)

Bulbus globular with thin, transverse embolus

  9  

-

Bulbus not globular, embolus different

  12  

9
(8)

Eyes form a circle, posterior eyes close-by; sternum shining; distal bulbus processes not longer than bulbus, 2-3 processes often like forceps

Harpactea
(partim)

-

Different

  10  

10
(9)

Bulbus with a very large curved apophysis with teeth and lobes, 1 species from Corsica

Holissus

-

Different

  11  

11
(10)

Eyes reduced or absent, vulva with reverse V- or Y-shaped spermatheca, wide posterior diverticulum not sclerotized

Stalagtia

-

Median eyes smaller than lateral eyes, legs spineless, vulva with bacilliform  spermatheca, posterior diverticulum not sclerotized

Kaemis

12
(8)

Eyes form a circle, posterior eyes close-by; sternum shining; distal bulbus processes not longer than bulbus, 2-3 processes often like forceps

  13  

-

Eyes reduced or absent

  14  

13
(12)

Tibia II without spines

Harpactea
(partim)

-

Tibia II with spines

Folkia

14
(12)

Bulbus simple, 2 cave species from Crete

Minotauria

-

Bulbus with broad embolus, 1 species from Spanish caves

Speleoharpactea

15
(6)

Legs spineless, posterior part of prosoma with a central lobe

Rhode

-

Different

  16  

16
(15)

Mesostalita, Stalita und Parastalita: distal part of the bulbus with a row or a field of teeth or spines (In 3 out of 8 species only one sex is known and limitations of genera is difficult)

Mesostalita

-

Stalita

-

Parastalita

-

Distal part of the bulbus without teeth or spines

Stalitella

Further genera

1Cryptoparachtes
2Dysderella
3Rhodera
4Sardostalita