Family Thomisidae

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1

Posterior part of the opisthosoma angularly widened; lateral eyes on each side on a shared prosomal protrusion

  2  

- Different

  3  

2
(1)
Colouration red-brown to grey-black; opisthosoma as fig.; mainly on shrubs.

Pistius

speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Bellmann 1997)
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Habitus
(Braendegaard 1972a)
- Colouration of males pale yellow to yellow-green, females white, yellowish or pink; often on flowers; habitus and eye position as fig.

Thomisus

speciesimage
female Habitus
(Roberts 1985a)
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Ocular area
(Bellmann 1997)
3
(1)
Prosoma and legs shiny brown-black; opisthosoma rounded like a lens, bright yellow, dorsally with variable black pattern

Synema

speciesimage
female Eyes, frontal view
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)
The whole body covered with long off-standing hairs; colouration bright green (rarely bright yellow), sometimes prosoma with one, opisthosoma with 3 bright longitudinal stripes (colour bleaches in alcohol); habitus as fig.

Heriaeus

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  5  

5
(4)
Anterior lateral eyes and posterior lateral eyes on a shared protrusion

  6  

-

Anterior lateral eyes and posterior lateral eyes on separated protrusions

  7  

6
(5)
Distance between anterior median eyes equals distance between posterior median eyes; colouration of male prosoma and legs brown-black, opisthosoma brighter; females mostly white or yellow, opisthosoma laterally sometimes with red or brown stripes; often couching on flowers

Misumena

speciesimage
male Habitus
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Ono 1988)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Distance between anterior median eyes is smaller than distance between posterior median eyes; colouration of prosoma and legs yellowish or green, male opisthosoma brown with bright medium stripe; female opisthosoma yellow-greenish with brown markings

Ebrechtella

speciesimage
Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
7
(5)

Opisthosoma with a caudal tail-like prolongation or posterior part tip-like elevated

  8  

-

Different

  9  

8
(7)
Opisthosoma elevated, posterior part wedge-shaped; brown-grey, adopted to bark

Tmarus

speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Bellmann 1997)
speciesimage
Habitus, lateral view
(Roberts 1995)
-

Prosoma distinctly longer than wide, opisthosoma long and slender, dorsally flat, posterior part cone-shaped, very elongated, extending beyond spinnerets, legs thick and very long

Monaeses

speciesimage
female Prosoma, dorsal view
(Levy 1973)
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female Prosoma, lateral view
(Levy 1973)
speciesimage
female Eyes, frontal view
(Levy 1973)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Levy 1973)
9
(7)
A hump between the lateral eyes; habitus as fig.

Runcinia

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  10  

10
(9)
Anterior eye row nearly straight; clypeus height equals one diameter of the anterior median eyes; body strongly flattened; colouration brown with fine yellowish pattern; under bark

Coriarachne

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Anterior eye row clearly bent; clypeus height equals + 2 diameters of the anterior median eyes; body not remarkably flattened

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11
(10)
Prosoma and legs green (rarely reddish), colour bleaches in alcohol; opisthosoma creamy yellow, dorsally with brown pattern

Diaea

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
- Colouration primarily yellow, brown, grey or black

  12  

12
(11)
Width of the median eye quadrangle larger or equally its length; tibia I ventrally at least with 4 pairs of spines; body hairs always pointed; opisthosoma mostly with distinct dark pattern; body length of males 3-7 mm, of females 5 -10 mm; habitus as fig.

Xysticus

speciesimage
Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
-

Width of the median eye quadrangle smaller than its length; tibia I ventrally with 2 pairs of spines; body hairs pointed or club-shaped; body length of males 2-4 mm, of females 3-6 mm

  13  

13
(12)

Male pedipalpus with tegular apophysis, epigyne with hoods, body length 2 – 6 mm

Ozyptila

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
-

Male pedipalpus without tegular apophysis, cymbium with well-developed tutacular groove for the apex of the embolus, male opisthosoma with weakly limited scutum, covering 2/3 of the opisthosoma, epigyne without hoods, epigynal plate with massive outgrowth, vulva without ducts, body length 2.5 – 4 mm

Cozyptila

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
-

Further species:

Only one male has been described from this species, and since 1895 no more specimens were collected. Only France and Spain. Firmicus bivittatus

Firmicus

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male Pedipalp
(Simon 1932)
-

Further species:

Since the first collection of both sexes, 1952 in Azerbaijan, no further specimens were identified. Misumenops armatus

Misumenops

-

Further subspecies:

Only one subspecies in Europe (France): Bassaniana versicolor baudueri

Bassaniana

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Déjean & Ledoux 2013)
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male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Déjean & Ledoux 2013)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Déjean & Ledoux 2013)