Gnaphosidae: Drassyllus

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1

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Tibial apophysis with hook-shaped tip; epigyne and vulva as figs.

Drassyllus pumilus (C. L. Koch, 1839)

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
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male Palpal tibia
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Vulva
(Jézéquel 1962a)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
- Different

  2  

2
(1)

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Tibial apophysis distally forked; anterior epigynal margin interrupted

Drassyllus villicus (Thorell, 1875)

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Tibia, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

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Embolus long, overlapping margin of cymbium; epigyne strongly sclerotised with swellings on anterior area

Drassyllus vinealis (Kulczyński, 1897)

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male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Song 1986)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)
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female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
- Embolus shorter; epigyne less sclerotised and without additional swellings on anterior area

  4  

4
(3)

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Distal median apophysis almost as wide as bulbus; epigyne and vulva as figs.

Drassyllus lutetianus (L. Koch, 1866)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Noordam 1992)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Different

  5  

5
(4)

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Distal median apophysis distally broadened; epigyne with longitudinal cuticular ridge, distinctly sclerotised

Drassyllus pusillus (C. L. Koch, 1833)

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male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Aakra unpubl.)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Aakra unpubl.)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Tibia, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Habitus
(Aakra unpubl.)
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female Epigyne
(Aakra unpubl.)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Noordam 1992)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Vulva
(Jézéquel 1962a)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
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Distal median apophysis distally hardly broadened, situated more basally; epigyne distinctly structured, laterally with sclerotised structures

Drassyllus praeficus (L. Koch, 1866)

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male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Tibia, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Vulva
(Jézéquel 1962a)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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Habitus
(Tullgren 1946)
Further taxa

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1. Drassyllus crimeaensis Kovblyuk, 2003

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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male Tibia, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Epigyne
(Kovblyuk 2003b)
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female Epigyne
(Kovblyuk 2003b)

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2. Drassyllus dadia Komnenov & Chatzaki, 2016

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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Komnenov et al. 2016)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Komnenov et al. 2016)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Komnenov et al. 2016)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Komnenov et al. 2016)

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3. Drassyllus jubatopalpis Levy, 1998

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2009)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2009)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1998b)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1998b)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Levy 1998b)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1998b)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1998b)

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4. Drassyllus pumiloides Chatzaki, 2003

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki et al. 2003)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki et al. 2003)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Chatzaki et al. 2003)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Chatzaki et al. 2003)

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5. Drassyllus shaanxiensis Platnick & Song, 1986

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
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female Epigyne/vulva
(Song et al. 1999)
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female Epigyne/vulva
(Song et al. 1999)

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6. Drassyllus sur Tuneva & Esyunin, 2003

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2009)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2009)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003a)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003a)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003a)

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7. Drassyllus villicoides (Giltay, 1932)

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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans 2013)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Bosmans 2013)
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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Senglet 2012)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Senglet 2012)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Senglet 2012)
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male Bulbus, retrolateral view
(Senglet 2012)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans 2013)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Senglet 2012)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans 2013)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Senglet 2012)
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female Vulva, variation, dorsal view
(Senglet 2012)