Linyphiidae: Entelecara

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  9  

2
(1)

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Prosoma elongated, marked off head part clearly protruding; pedipalp as fig. tibial apophysis with two narrow, slightly bent processes

Moebelia berolinensis (Wunderlich, 1969)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Tibial apophysis, dorsal view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1969)
- Prosoma not so elongated; marked off head part not protruding

  3  

3
(2)

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Elevated head region distinctly higher than wide; pedipalp as fig.; tibial apophysis with two bent processes, one tooth on base of the larger one

Entelecara acuminata (Wider, 1834)

female

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Prosoma, frontal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Elevated head region not higher than wide

  4  

4
(3)

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Prosoma posterior to cephalic lobe saddle-like impressed; pedipalp as fig.; under process of tibial apophysis robust, angled at the top and tapering into a pointed tip, also the two upper processes

Entelecara flavipes (Blackwall, 1834)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Schenkel 1925)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Schenkel 1925)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Different

  5  

5
(4)
Cephalic lobe slightly pointed

  6  

- Cephalic lobe flatly rounded

  7  

6
(5)

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Dorsal line of prosoma posteriorly descending; tibia apophysis with tooth at base of distal process

Entelecara congenera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
-

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Dorsal line of prosoma posteriorly step-like descending; tibial apophysis without tooth at base of distal process

Entelecara omissa O. P.-Cambridge, 1903

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
7
(5)

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Dorsal line of prosoma posteriorly step-like descending; tibial apophysis with 2 parallel processes, close together, tapering into a pointed tip, the distal process with 2 tips

Entelecara media Kulczyński, 1887

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Deltshev 1985a)
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male Pedipalp
(Deltshev 1985a)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Deltshev 1985a)
- Dorsal line of prosoma posteriorly roundly descending; tibial apophysis different

  8  

8
(7)

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Tibial apophysis, pedipalp and prosoma as figs.

Entelecara erythropus (Westring, 1851)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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male Embolus
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

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Tibial apophysis, pedipalp and prosoma as figs.

Entelecara errata O. P.-Cambridge, 1913

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
9
(1)
Epigynal plate with ± equally strongly sclerotised arcs, reaching beyond epigynal furrow

  10  

- Different

  11  

10
(9)

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Sclerotised arcs of epigynal plate uniformly round and encircling a brighter area

Entelecara acuminata (Wider, 1834)

male

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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Sclerotised arcs of epigynal plate grooved medially, encircling a bright area, divided by further sclerotised ridges

Entelecara media Kulczyński, 1887

male

11
(9)

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Epigynal plate straightly bordered posteriorly and divided in halves by fine middle line

Entelecara flavipes (Blackwall, 1834)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Epigynal plate ± rounded posteriorly, reaching beyond epigynal furrow

  12  

12
(11)

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Epigynal plate posteriorly medially not grooved, ± semicircularly bordered toward epigynal furrow, distinctly transverse oval

Entelecara congenera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Epigynal plate posteriorly medially grooved

  13  

13
(12)

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Body length 2.0 mm; median part of epigyne distinctly marked off, ± as wide as long

Entelecara erythropus (Westring, 1851)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1942)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
- Body length < 1.7 mm; epigyne different

  14  

14
(13)

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Posterior epigynal margin U-like incised; body length 1.3-1.4 mm

Entelecara omissa O. P.-Cambridge, 1903

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

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Posterior epigynal margin V-like incised; body length 1.5-1.7 mm

Entelecara errata O. P.-Cambridge, 1913

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
Further taxa

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1. Entelecara aestiva Simon, 1918

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male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1996)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Pesarini 1996)
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male Prosoma, aberrant form, lateral view
(Denis 1945a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1945a)
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female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Denis 1945a)

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2. Entelecara cacuminum Denis, 1954

speciesimage
male Apex of bulbus, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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female Epigyne, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1954)
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female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Denis 1954)
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female Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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female Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1954)

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3. Entelecara forsslundi Tullgren, 1955

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female Epigyne/vulva
(Guryanova 2003)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1955)
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female Vulva
(Tullgren 1955)

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4. Entelecara helfridae Tullgren, 1955

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1955)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1955)

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5. Entelecara italica Thaler, 1984

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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler 1984d)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Thaler 1984d)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler 1984d)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Thaler 1984d)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Thaler 1984d)

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6. Entelecara klefbecki Tullgren, 1955

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1955)
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female Vulva
(Tullgren 1955)

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7. Entelecara obscura Miller, 1971

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Miller unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, frontal view
(Miller unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Miller unpubl.)
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female Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller unpubl.)
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female Sternum
(Miller unpubl.)

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8. Entelecara schmitzi Kulczyński, 1905

speciesimage
male Apex of bulbus, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1942)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1942)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1955)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)

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9. Entelecara truncatifrons (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1977)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans 2007)
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male Embolic division, mesal view
(Bosmans 2007)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans 2007)
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male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1884a)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Simon 1884a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Simon 1884a)
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male Eyes, dorsal view
(Simon 1884a)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans 2007)

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10. Entelecara turbinata Simon, 1918

speciesimage
male Apex of bulbus, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Cephalic area
(Simon 1926)