Gnaphosidae: Gnaphosa

In case you find an error or have a specific suggestion, please follow this link: click
1
Colouration dark brown-red to black-brown with yellowish coxae and femora I-IV

  2  

- Coxa and femora I-IV darker

  4  

2
(1)

world

add

cp

Male pedipalp with short and robust spines on femur and tibia; epigynal groove with conspicuous transverse folds

Gnaphosa bicolor (Hahn, 1833)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Tullgren 1946)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis short; Epigyne as fig.

Gnaphosa modestior Kulczyński, 1897

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis long; Epigyne with bar-like protruding corners on posterior margin

Gnaphosa alpica Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
4
(1)
Males

  5  

- Females

  17  

5
(4)
Embolic base (partly) covered by bulbus

  6  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
- Embolic base visible

  7  

6
(5)

world

add

cp

Bulbus with stout thorn, directed toward dorsal side

Gnaphosa leporina (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
-

world

add

cp

Bulbus with small thorn

Gnaphosa petrobia L. Koch, 1872

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
7
(5)

world

add

cp

Bulbus distally with 2 hook-shaped apophyses

Gnaphosa microps Holm, 1939

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Holm 1945)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Holm 1945)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Holm 1945)
- Bulbus distally with one apophysis

  8  

8
(7)
Distal apophysis hook-shaped

  9  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
- Distal apophysis not hook-shaped

  14  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rosca 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
9
(8)

world

add

cp

Embolus long and whip-shaped with robust, bent apophysis (can be broken off)

Gnaphosa muscorum (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
- Embolus different

  10  

10
(9)

world

add

cp

Embolus stout, occupies ± the whole inner side of cymbium

Gnaphosa lucifuga (Walckenaer, 1802)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
- Embolus occupies < 1/2 of inner side of cymbium

  11  

11
(10)
Embolic base with rectangular process

  12  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
- Different

  13  

12
(11)

world

add

cp

Embolus slightly bent, its base almost at the same level as base of hook-shaped apophysis

Gnaphosa tigrina Simon, 1878

female

-

world

add

cp

Embolus ± straight, its base more distant from apophysis

Gnaphosa opaca Herman, 1879

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Starega 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Starega 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
13
(11)

world

add

cp

Embolic base with longish process

Gnaphosa rhenana Müller & Schenkel, 1895

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rosca 1968)
-

world

add

cp

Embolic base without process

Gnaphosa montana (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
14
(8)

world

add

cp

Embolus broad and stout

Gnaphosa badia (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
- Embolus slender, with whip-like tip

  15  

15
(14)
Base of distal apophysis angularly bent or with step

  16  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
-

world

add

cp

Base of distal apophysis not angularly bent or without step

Gnaphosa lugubris (C. L. Koch, 1839)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Felton 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
16
(15)

world

add

cp

Base of distal apophysis angularly bent

Gnaphosa nigerrima L. Koch, 1877

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Felton 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Felton 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
-

world

add

cp

Base of distal apophysis with a step

Gnaphosa lapponum (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
17
(4)

world

add

cp

Scapus weakly developed

Gnaphosa nigerrima L. Koch, 1877

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Scapus distinctly developed

  18  

18
(17)
Epigynal margins with bar-like protrusions

  22  

- Epigynal margins also with pocket-like infoldings

  19  

19
(18)

world

add

cp

Scapus wider than long

Gnaphosa muscorum (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Scapus longer than wide

  20  

20
(19)

world

add

cp

Scapus almost reaching to epigynal margin

Gnaphosa leporina (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Scapus shorter

  21  

21
(20)

world

add

cp

Lateral epigynal margins outwardly bent

Gnaphosa badia (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
-

world

add

cp

Lateral epigynal margins bent, but not outwardly bent

Gnaphosa petrobia L. Koch, 1872

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
22
(18)

world

add

cp

Scapus very broad, touching bar like protrusions of lateral epigynal margins

Gnaphosa lucifuga (Walckenaer, 1802)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Scapus not touching lateral protrusions

  23  

23
(22)
Ridges of cuticular fold outwardly bent anteriorly

  24  

- Different

  26  

24
(23)
Scapus not reaching beyond the middle part of epigyne

  25  

-

world

add

cp

Scapus longer

Gnaphosa rhenana Müller & Schenkel, 1895

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Rosca 1968)
25
(24)

world

add

cp

Epigyne more roundish

Gnaphosa opaca Herman, 1879

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Starega 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne laterally more edged

Gnaphosa lugubris (C. L. Koch, 1839)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
26
(23)

world

add

cp

Scapus reaching 1/3 of epigynal length

Gnaphosa lapponum (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Agnarsson 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Scapus longer

  27  

27
(26)

world

add

cp

Lateral epigynal margins angularly bent

Gnaphosa montana (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Noordam 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Different

  28  

28
(27)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove almost circular

Gnaphosa tigrina Simon, 1878

male

-

world

add

cp

Different; Epigyne and vulva as figs.

Gnaphosa microps Holm, 1939

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
Further taxa

world

add

cp

1. Gnaphosa alacris Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Di Franco 1992)
speciesimage
male Cymbium and tibia, dorsal view
(Di Franco 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Di Franco 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Di Franco 1992)

world

add

cp

2. Gnaphosa artaensis Wunderlich, 2011

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2015b)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 2015b)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2015b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 2017)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wunderlich 2017)

world

add

cp

3. Gnaphosa atramentaria Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp in detail
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
male Tip of tibial apophysis
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

4. Gnaphosa azerbaidzhanica Tuneva & Esyunin, 2003

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003b)

world

add

cp

5. Gnaphosa betpaki Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2003a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)

world

add

cp

6. Gnaphosa bithynica Kulczyński, 1903

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki et al. 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki et al. 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Chatzaki et al. 2002a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Chatzaki et al. 2002a)

world

add

cp

7. Gnaphosa cantabrica Simon, 1914

speciesimage
male Pedipalp in detail
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

8. Gnaphosa caucasica Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

9. Gnaphosa corticola Simon, 1914

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

10. Gnaphosa cumensis Ponomarev, 1981

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)

world

add

cp

11. Gnaphosa deserta Ponomarev & Dvadnenko, 2011

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2011)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2011)

world

add

cp

12. Gnaphosa dolosa Herman, 1879

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

13. Gnaphosa donensis Ponomarev, 2015

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ponomarev 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ponomarev 2015)

world

add

cp

14. Gnaphosa fallax Herman, 1879

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Herman 1879)
speciesimage
female Eyes, frontal view
(Herman 1879)

world

add

cp

15. Gnaphosa halophila Esyunin & Efimik, 1997

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)

world

add

cp

16. Gnaphosa iberica Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Bulbal apophysis
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
male Bulbal apophysis, lateral view
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

17. Gnaphosa inconspecta Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Breuss 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Breuss 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Breuss 2001)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Breuss 2001)

world

add

cp

18. Gnaphosa jucunda Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev & Kovblyuk 2009)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral-ventral view
(Ponomarev & Kovblyuk 2009)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ponomarev & Kovblyuk 2009)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

19. Gnaphosa licenti Schenkel, 1953

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

20. Gnaphosa lonai Caporiacco, 1949

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Caporiacco 1949)

world

add

cp

21. Gnaphosa mcheidzeae Mikhailov, 1998

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Mcheidze 1997)

world

add

cp

22. Gnaphosa moesta Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)

world

add

cp

23. Gnaphosa mongolica Simon, 1895

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Szita et al. 2006)

world

add

cp

24. Gnaphosa muscorum gaunitzi Tullgren, 1955

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1942)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1942)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1942)

world

add

cp

25. Gnaphosa occidentalis Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tip of pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)

world

add

cp

26. Gnaphosa oceanica Simon, 1878

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

27. Gnaphosa orites Chamberlin, 1922

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

28. Gnaphosa pseashcho Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

29. Gnaphosa rufula (L. Koch, 1866)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2008b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2008b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Levy 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Szita et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Levy 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Szita et al. 2006)

world

add

cp

30. Gnaphosa saurica Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, lateral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin & Efimik 1997)

world

add

cp

31. Gnaphosa secreta Simon, 1878

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

world

add

cp

32. Gnaphosa steppica Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

33. Gnaphosa sticta Kulczyński, 1908

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

34. Gnaphosa stoliczkai O. P.-Cambridge, 1885

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)

world

add

cp

35. Gnaphosa taurica Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)

world

add

cp

36. Gnaphosa ukrainica Ovtsharenko, Platnick & Song, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Ovtsharenko et al. 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2005b)

world

add

cp

37. Gnaphosa zeugitana Pavesi, 1880

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Di Franco 1994a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Di Franco 1994a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Di Franco 1994a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Di Franco 1994a)
38. Gnaphosa balearicola Strand, 1942 world
39. Gnaphosa basilicata Simon, 1882 world
40. Gnaphosa lapponum inermis Strand, 1899 world
41. Gnaphosa limbata Strand, 1900 world
42. Gnaphosa lucifuga minor Nosek, 1905 world
43. Gnaphosa nordlandica Strand, 1900 world
44. Gnaphosa norvegica Strand, 1900 world
45. Gnaphosa porrecta Strand, 1900 world
46. Gnaphosa prosperi Simon, 1878 world
47. Gnaphosa stussineri Simon, 1885 world
48. Gnaphosa tetrica Simon, 1878 world