Linyphiidae: Gonatium

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  5  

2
(1)

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Pedipalp with strongly thickened femur, with conical hump and small spines

Gonatium rubens (Blackwall, 1833)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
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male Tibia I
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Tibia I
(Roberts 1987)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

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Pedipalp with strongly thickened patella

Gonatium rubellum (Blackwall, 1841)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Tibia I
(Roberts 1987)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)

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Tibial apophysis large, distally pointed, median tooth approx. as long as basally wide

Gonatium paradoxum (L. Koch, 1869)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Tibia I
(Roberts 1987)
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male Tibia and metatarsus I
(Locket et al. 1974)
-

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Tibial apophysis large, distally rounded, median tooth distinctly longer than basally wide

Gonatium hilare (Thorell, 1875)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
5
(1)

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cp

Epigyne in anterior part with transverse fold

Gonatium paradoxum (L. Koch, 1869)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
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female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Different

  6  

6
(5)

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Epigyne around copulatory opening more strongly sclerotised

Gonatium rubellum (Blackwall, 1841)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
- Different

  7  

7
(6)

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Median epigynal plate transverse oval

Gonatium hilare (Thorell, 1875)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Median epigynal plate longish

Gonatium rubens (Blackwall, 1833)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
Further taxa

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1. Gonatium biimpressum Simon, 1884

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1981)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Denis 1966)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1981)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Denis 1966)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Denis 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1981)
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female Vulva
(Millidge 1981)

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2. Gonatium cappadocium Millidge, 1981

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1981)
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female Vulva
(Millidge 1981)

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3. Gonatium ensipotens (Simon, 1881)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1981)
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male Palpal tibia
(Millidge 1981)
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female Epigyne
(Millidge 1981)
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female Vulva
(Millidge 1981)

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4. Gonatium geniculosum Simon, 1918

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Millidge 1981)
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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Millidge 1981)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1981)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1981)

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5. Gonatium nemorivagum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Millidge 1981)
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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Millidge 1981)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1981)
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male Eyes, dorsal view
(Millidge 1981)
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female Epigyne
(Millidge 1981)
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female Vulva
(Millidge 1981)

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6. Gonatium occidentale Simon, 1918

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1981)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans 2007)
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male Embolic division, mesal view
(Bosmans 2007)
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male Cymbium
(Millidge 1981)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans 2007)
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female Epigyne
(Millidge 1981)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans 2007)
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female Vulva
(Millidge 1981)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans 2007)

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7. Gonatium orientale Fage, 1931

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Deltshev 1985a)
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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Deltshev 1985a)
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male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Deltshev 1985a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Deltshev 1985a)

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8. Gonatium strugaense Drensky, 1929

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Drensky 1929)
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male Pedipalp
(Drensky 1929)
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male Bulbal apophysis
(Drensky 1929)
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female Epigyne/vulva
(Drensky 1929)