Salticidae: Heliophanus

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  12  

2
(1)

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Femoral apophysis with 3 pointed processes

Heliophanus tribulosus Simon, 1868

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, prolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)
Femoral apophysis with 2 pointed processes

  4  

- Femoral apophysis with one pointed process

  8  

4
(3)

Processes of femoral apophysis unequally long. See also H. auratus.

  5  

- Processes of femoral apophysis equal in length

  6  

5
(4)

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cp

Embolus short and slightly bent; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus kochii Simon, 1868

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
-

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cp

Embolus long and strongly bent

Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
6
(4)

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cp

Embolus broad, the two tips of femoral apophysis curved

Heliophanus lineiventris Simon, 1868

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller 1958b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1958b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1987b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1987b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Miller 1958b)
- Embolus narrow

  7  

7
(6)

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Embolus short; tibia with one apophysis; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus melinus L. Koch, 1867

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
-

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cp

Embolus long; bulbus with rectangular protrusion; tibia with 2 apophyses; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus auratus C. L. Koch, 1835

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
8
(3)
Femoral apophysis distally bent

  9  

- Femoral apophysis distally not bent

  10  

9
(8)

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Embolus robust, on its base a distinct protrusion; anterior branch of tibial apophysis robust; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus dubius C. L. Koch, 1835

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
-

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cp

Embolus short and thin; tibial apophysis with 2 pliers-like processes; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus patagiatus Thorell, 1875

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
10
(8)

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cp

Embolus only slightly bent, on its base a robust protrusion; tibial apophysis long and slightly bent; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
- Embolus S-like bent

  11  

11
(10)

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cp

Embolus long; tibial apophysis with a thin, hook-shaped and a long, pointed process; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
-

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cp

Embolus short and robust; tibial apophysis with a robust, hook-shaped and a short, pointed process; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus dampfi Schenkel, 1923

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, prolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
12
(1)
Epigyne with one groove

  13  

- Epigyne with two grooves

  19  

13
(12)
Epigynal groove also posteriorly surrounded by a distinctly sclerotised margin

  14  

- Epigynal groove at least posteriorly without distinctly sclerotised margin

  17  

14
(13)
Epigynal groove ± triangular

  15  

- Epigynal groove oval

  16  

15
(14)

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cp

Receptaculum seminis posterior to groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus lineiventris Simon, 1868

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller 1958b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, aboral view
(Thaler 1987b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1958b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1987b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
-

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Receptaculum seminis in the middle of groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus tribulosus Simon, 1868

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
16
(14)

world

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cp

Receptaculum seminis posterior to groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus kochii Simon, 1868

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller 1958a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
-

world

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cp

Receptaculum seminis in the middle of groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus melinus L. Koch, 1867

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
17
(13)

world

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cp

Epigynal groove transverse oval; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
- Epigynal groove different, mostly longer than wide

  18  

18
(17)

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cp

Epigynal groove posteriorly with V-like incision; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus dampfi Schenkel, 1923

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Zabka 1997)
-

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Epigyne different; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
19
(12)
The two epigynal grooves distinctly separated and distant from epigynal margin

  20  

- Different

  21  

20
(19)

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cp

Epigynal grooves near posterior epigynal margin; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus dubius C. L. Koch, 1835

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
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cp

Epigynal groove approx. one diameter apart from posterior epigynal margin; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
21
(19)

world

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cp

Epigynal grooves touching each other medially or merging, distinctly distant from posterior epigynal margin

Heliophanus auratus C. L. Koch, 1835

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Zabka 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Zabka 1997)
-

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cp

Epigynal groove laterally open towards posterior epigynal margin

Heliophanus patagiatus Thorell, 1875

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
Further taxa

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cp

1. Heliophanus agricola Wesolowska, 1986

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp with Tibia and Femur, retrolateral view
(Schäfer & Klimsa 2017)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Schäfer & Klimsa 2017)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Schäfer & Klimsa 2017)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation
(Wesolowska 1986)

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2. Heliophanus apiatus Simon, 1868

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

3. Heliophanus camtschadalicus Kulczyński, 1885

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, lateral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, prolateral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation
(Wesolowska & Marusik 1990)

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4. Heliophanus creticus Giltay, 1932

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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5. Heliophanus curvidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis, prolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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6. Heliophanus decoratus L. Koch, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigynal plate, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation
(Prószyński 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Prószyński 2003)

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cp

7. Heliophanus dunini Rakov & Logunov, 1997

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)

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cp

8. Heliophanus edentulus Simon, 1871

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

9. Heliophanus encifer Simon, 1871

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

10. Heliophanus equester L. Koch, 1867

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

11. Heliophanus feltoni Logunov, 2009

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Logunov 2009a)

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cp

12. Heliophanus forcipifer Kulczyński, 1895

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)

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cp

13. Heliophanus haymozi Logunov, 2015

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur, dorsal view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur, prolateral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Logunov 2015)

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14. Heliophanus ibericus Wesolowska, 1986

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

15. Heliophanus koktas Logunov, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, prolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)

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cp

16. Heliophanus konradthaleri Logunov, 2009

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov 2009a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Logunov 2009a)

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cp

17. Heliophanus mordax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)

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cp

18. Heliophanus ramosus Wesolowska, 1986

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp with Tibia and Femur, retrolateral view
(Schäfer & Klimsa 2017)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp with Tibia and Femur, ventral view
(Schäfer & Klimsa 2017)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur, prolateral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Logunov 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Logunov 2015)

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cp

19. Heliophanus rufithorax Simon, 1868

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

20. Heliophanus simplex Simon, 1868

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Szüts et al. 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Metzner 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

21. Heliophanus stylifer Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Femoral apophysis
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

22. Heliophanus turanicus Charitonov, 1969

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)

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cp

23. Heliophanus verus Wesolowska, 1986

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
male Palpal femur
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Coşar & Varol 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva, posterior view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wesolowska 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Coşar & Varol 2016)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Rakov & Logunov 1997)
24. Heliophanus cupreus cuprescens (Simon, 1868) world
25. Heliophanus cupreus globifer (Simon, 1868) world
26. Heliophanus mediocinctus Kulczyński, 1898 world
27. Heliophanus patagiatus albolineatus Kulczyński, 1901 world