Lycosidae: Alopecosa

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1

General remark for both sexes: Two basic dorsal opisthosomal patterns can be distinguished: type A (right) and type B (left).

 

 

Males

  2  

speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Females

  15  

2
(1)
Opisthosoma ventrally black

  3  

- Opisthosoma ventrally yellowish or reddish yellow

  8  

3
(2)
Anterior cheliceral furrow margin with blunt projection; prosoma with distinct longitudinal stripe; tarsus with grey scopula

  4  

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cp

Anterior cheliceral furrow margin without blunt projection; prosoma at most with indistinct longitudinal stripe; tegular apophysis big, ± quadrangular; dorsal pattern of opisthosoma similar to type B

Alopecosa sulzeri (Pavesi, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
4
(3)
Tegular apophysis distally bent at right angle

  5  

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
- Tegular apophysis different

  6  

5
(4)

world

add

cp

Tegular apophysis with robust tooth, straightly truncated distally; dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa fabrilis (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp in detail
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, prolateral view
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

world

add

cp

Tegular apophysis distally pointed

Alopecosa inquilina (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, prolateral view
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
6
(4)

world

add

cp

Tegular apophysis with straight and parallel margins; opisthosomal pattern like type B

Alopecosa striatipes (C. L. Koch, 1839)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Anterior margin of tegular apophysis bent, merging with posterior margin

  7  

7
(6)

world

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Tegular apophysis slantingly truncated distally

Alopecosa mariae (Dahl, 1908)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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Terminal apophysis not visible or lacking; opisthosoma with dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa schmidti (Hahn, 1835)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis and apical part, retrolateral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
8
(2)
Spinnerets dark brown to black; body pattern like type A

  9  

speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Spinnerets yellowish; longitudinal stripe on prosoma lacking or very indistinct

  12  

9
(8)

world

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Tibia I distinctly thickened and darker than remaining segments; pedipalp as fig.

Alopecosa cuneata (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Leg I
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibia I
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Tibia I
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Tibia I not strikingly thickened

  10  

10
(9)

world

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cp

Prosoma with distinct, broad, continuous longitudinal stripe; distal process of tegular apophysis straight

Alopecosa trabalis (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, frontal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Sternum
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Prosoma with narrow, continuous longitudinal stripe; if broken, then stripe indistinct

  11  

11
(10)

world

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cp

Longitudinal stripe on prosoma hardly visible or lacking; sternum brown; pedipalp as fig.

Alopecosa aculeata (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, frontal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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Longitudinal stripe on prosoma distinct; sternum brown with bright median area; pedipalp as fig.

Alopecosa pulverulenta (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, frontal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
12
(8)
Prosoma without longitudinal stripes

  13  

-

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Prosoma with not very distinct longitudinal stripes; tegular apophysis as fig.; dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa farinosa (Herman, 1879)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, prolateral view
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
13
(12)

world

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Dorsal pattern like type A; scopula on tarsi grey; pedipalp as fig.

Alopecosa pinetorum (Thorell, 1856)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
- Dorsal pattern like type B

  14  

speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
14
(13)

world

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cp

Prosoma length 2.7-3.4 mm; tegular apophysis as fig.

Alopecosa cursor (Hahn, 1831)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, prolateral view
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

world

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cp

Prosoma length 5.0-5.9 mm; tegular apophysis as fig.

Alopecosa solitaria (Herman, 1879)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
15
(1)
Median epigynal part anchor-shaped; opisthosoma ventrally black

  16  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
- Median part of epigyne different

  17  

16
(15)

world

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cp

Anterior epigynal pocket narrow; median epigynal part with deep longitudinal groove; dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa inquilina (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

world

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cp

Anterior epigynal pocket wide; median epigynal part without depression; dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa fabrilis (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Noflatscher 1993)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
17
(15)
Median epigynal part longer than wide; anterior part of median epigynal part larger (or equal) than posterior part of median epigynal part; opisthosoma ventrally yellowish brown

  18  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
- Median epigynal part as long as wide or wider than long; anterior epigynal part very small or lacking

  22  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
18
(17)
Spinnerets dark brown; dorsal pattern like type A

  19  

speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

world

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Spinnerets yellowish; epigyne and vulva as figs.; dorsal pattern like type B

Alopecosa pinetorum (Thorell, 1856)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
19
(18)

world

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cp

Anterior part of median epigynal part wide and distinctly widened anteriorly; vulva as fig.

Alopecosa pulverulenta (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Anterior part of median epigynal part narrow, its margins parallel or only slightly diverging anteriorly

  20  

20
(19)

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cp

Lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma indistinct or missing; margins of anterior part of median epigynal part parallel; vulva as fig.

Alopecosa aculeata (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Coxa I
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma distinctly visible, not interrupted and broad

  21  

21
(20)

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cp

Sclerotised epigynal region and vulva as figs.

Alopecosa trabalis (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Sternum
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

world

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cp

Sclerotised epigynal region and vulva as figs.

Alopecosa cuneata (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
22
(17)
Opisthosoma ventrally yellow or reddish yellow; spinnerets yellow or yellowish brown; lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma indistinct or lacking

  23  

- Opisthosoma ventrally black; spinnerets brown or blackish; lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma distinct

  25  

23
(22)
Prosoma length smaller or equal 5.1 mm; lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma lacking or consisting of bright indistinct spots; dorsal pattern like type B ± distinct

  24  

speciesimage
Habitus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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world

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cp

Prosoma length 5.6-7.5 mm; epigyne and vulva as fig.; lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma not very distinct, mostly broken into a row of spots; dorsal pattern like type B, not very distinct

Alopecosa solitaria (Herman, 1879)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
24
(23)

world

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cp

Median epigynal part trapezoid; sclerotised epigynal region anteriorly wider than posteriorly; vulva as fig.

Alopecosa farinosa (Herman, 1879)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
-

world

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cp

Median epigynal part pentagonal; sclerotised epigynal region and vulva as figs.

Alopecosa cursor (Hahn, 1831)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Noflatscher 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Noflatscher 1993)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
25
(22)

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma indistinct; median epigynal part almost as wide as long; anterior epigynal pockets distinctly separated by median epigynal part, its margins merging with margins of epigynal pockets; vulva as fig.

Alopecosa sulzeri (Pavesi, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

world

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cp

High alpine species, difficult to distinguish

Alopecosa alpicola (Simon, 1876)

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1967)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1967)
- Lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma distinct; median epigynal part distinctly wider than long; anterior epigynal pockets simple or divided, margins of median epigynal part not merging with margins of epigynal pockets

  26  

26
(25)
Anterior epigynal pocket simple; anterior median epigynal part very short

  27  

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world

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cp

Two anterior epigynal pockets, wide and touching each other; anterior median epigynal part half as wide as posterior median epigynal part; ratio width : length of median epigynal part 1.6

Alopecosa striatipes (C. L. Koch, 1839)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
27
(26)

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Median epigynal part round, somewhat wider than long

Alopecosa schmidti (Hahn, 1835)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

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Median epigynal part at least twice as wide as long

Alopecosa mariae (Dahl, 1908)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
Further taxa

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1. Alopecosa albofasciata (Brullé, 1832)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Lecigne 2011)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lecigne 2011)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Jansen unpubl.)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)

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2. Alopecosa azsheganovae Esyunin, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Azarkina et al. 2015)

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3. Alopecosa barbipes (Sundevall, 1833)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lecigne 2016d)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Leg I
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Leg I
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, detail, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)

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4. Alopecosa beckeri (Thorell, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Bulbus
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Bulbus
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, ventral view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)

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5. Alopecosa cronebergi (Thorell, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Spassky 1925)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Spassky 1925)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azarkina et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azarkina et al. 2016)

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6. Alopecosa dryada Cordes, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Cordes 1996)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Cordes 1996)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Cordes 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler et al. 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Cordes 1996)

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7. Alopecosa edax (Thorell, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)

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8. Alopecosa etrusca Lugetti & Tongiorgi, 1969

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp in detail, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)

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9. Alopecosa fabrilis trinacriae Lugetti & Tongiorgi, 1969

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Bulbus
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Würmli 1972)

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10. Alopecosa hirtipes (Kulczyński, 1907)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1907)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Kulczyński 1907)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1908b)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)

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11. Alopecosa inderensis Ponomarev, 2007

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Ponomarev & Dvadnenko 2012)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Ponomarev & Dvadnenko 2012)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Ponomarev & Dvadnenko 2012)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2007b)

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12. Alopecosa kalavrita Buchar, 2001

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Prosoma
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Buchar 2001)

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13. Alopecosa kovblyuki Nadolny & Ponomarev, 2012

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral-ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, retrolateral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, prolateral-caudal view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
male Median apophysis, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Nadolny et al. 2012a)

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14. Alopecosa krynickii (Thorell, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2013)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2013)
speciesimage
male Eyes, frontal view
(Logunov 2013)
speciesimage
male Chelicera, ventral view
(Logunov 2013)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Logunov 2013)

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15. Alopecosa kungurica Esyunin, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin 1996)

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16. Alopecosa kuntzi Denis, 1953

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp in detail
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)

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17. Alopecosa laciniosa (Simon, 1876)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Prosoma
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)

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18. Alopecosa mutabilis (Kulczyński, 1908)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral-ventral view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation, dorsal view
(Dondale & Redner 1990)

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19. Alopecosa osellai Lugetti & Tongiorgi, 1969

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, lateral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Lugetti & Tongiorgi 1969)

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20. Alopecosa pentheri (Nosek, 1905)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler et al. 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler et al. 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Thaler et al. 2000)

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21. Alopecosa psammophila Buchar, 2001

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Buchar 2001)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Buchar 2001)

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22. Alopecosa simoni (Thorell, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Simon 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Simon 1937)

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23. Alopecosa solivaga (Kulczyński, 1901)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1908b)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1908b)

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24. Alopecosa steppica Ponomarev, 2007

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2007b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ponomarev 2007b)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, prolateral view
(Ponomarev 2007b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2007b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ponomarev 2007b)

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25. Alopecosa taeniata (C. L. Koch, 1835)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, frontal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, frontal view
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, ventral view
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Kronestedt 1990)
speciesimage
female Coxa I
(Roberts 1998)

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26. Alopecosa taeniopus (Kulczyński, 1895)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Bulbus
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Bulbus
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Nadolny & Kovblyuk 2010)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)

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27. Alopecosa uiensis Esyunin, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin 1996)

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28. Alopecosa yamalensis Esyunin, 1996

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin 1996)
29. Alopecosa alpicola soriculata (Simon, 1876) world
30. Alopecosa alpicola vidua (Simon, 1937) world
31. Alopecosa pulverulenta tridentina (Thorell, 1875) world