Theridiidae: Neottiura

In case you find an error or have a specific suggestion, please follow this link: click
1
Males

  2  

- Females

  6  

2
(1)

world

add

cp

Femur IV basally with a robust tooth; sternum with elevation in median region; cymbium tapering, with teeth; opisthosoma uniformly dark; legs uniformly light yellow; pedipalp as fig.

Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Cymbium
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Knoflach 1999)
- Femur IV without tooth; sternum flat; cymbium rounded; opisthosoma mostly with pattern; legs mostly with dark pattern

  3  

3
(2)
Opisthosoma with tubercle, dorsally dark with white spots; pedipalps dark; eyes approx. equally large

  4  

- Opisthosoma without tubercle, dorsally brown with black and white spots; pedipalps only partly dark; anterior median eyes smaller than remaining eyes

  5  

4
(3)

world

add

cp

Cymbium strongly bent and swollen; bulbus comparatively small

Neottiura suaveolens (Simon, 1880)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Cymbium
(Knoflach 1999)
-

world

add

cp

Cymbium long and straight; bulbus strongly developed

Neottiura uncinata (Lucas, 1846)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Cymbium
(Knoflach 1999)
5
(3)

world

add

cp

Prosoma with median elevation on posterior margin; stridulatory ring on opisthosoma forming 2 lobes; femora rugose, ventrally with haired warts; femora and patella of pedipalps swollen; cymbium comparatively small

Neottiura herbigrada (Simon, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Cymbium
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Sternum
(Knoflach 1999)
-

world

add

cp

Posterior margin of prosoma and stridulatory ring not strikingly modified; femora smooth; cymbium very large

Neottiura curvimana (Simon, 1914)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Knoflach 1999)
6
(1)

world

add

cp

Opisthosoma dorsally with a white-yellowish median stripe or completely dark, ventrally dark; legs uniformly light yellow; epigyne strongly protruding

Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne, lateral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, lateral view
(Miller 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
- Opisthosoma spotted, dorsally mostly light white with dark spots, ventrally dark except a white band posterior to epigastric furrow; legs light yellow with dark annulations; epigyne not protruding

  7  

7
(6)
Opisthosoma with tubercle, sometimes inconspicuous; epigaster not swollen; pedipalps with dark spots; entrance ducts forming one or two loops

  8  

-

world

add

cp

Opisthosoma without tubercle; epigaster swollen; pedipalps uniformly light yellow; entrance ducts strongly spiral, forming a double helix

Neottiura curvimana (Simon, 1914)

male

speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
8
(7)

world

add

cp

Tubercle on opisthosoma large; opisthosoma rather high; body length 3.2-3.4 mm; epigyne and vulva as figs.

Neottiura uncinata (Lucas, 1846)

male

speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
- Tubercle on opisthosoma small; body length 2.3-3.1 mm

  9  

9
(8)

world

add

cp

Pedipalps dark brown, only tarsi lighter; femora of legs light yellow; eyes approx. equal in size

Neottiura suaveolens (Simon, 1880)

male

speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
-

world

add

cp

Pedipalps annulated; femora of legs with many dark spots; anterior median eyes smaller than remaining eyes

Neottiura herbigrada (Simon, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
Further taxa

world

add

cp

1. Neottiura bimaculata pellucida (Simon, 1873)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Brignoli 1967c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva
(Knoflach 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Brignoli 1967c)