Amaurobiidae: Amaurobius

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1
Opisthosoma dorsally dark grey to black, with irregular light spots

  2  

- Opisthosoma dorsally yellowish grey or light brown, in anterior part with black pattern

  5  

speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1953)
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female Habitus
(Braendegaard 1966)
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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Loksa 1969)
2
(1)

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Tibia of male pedipalp ventrally with pointed, bent apophysis; median epigynal part distinctly wider than long

Amaurobius erberi (Keyserling, 1863)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1969)
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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Loksa 1969)
- Tibia of male pedipalp ventrally without pointed process; median epigynal part ± as long as wide

  3  

3
(2)

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Dorsal tibial apophysis with shallow, roundish bulge; lateral parts of epigyne rounded, median part ± semicircular

Amaurobius ferox (Walckenaer, 1830)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Vulva
(Loksa 1969)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)

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Pedipalp as fig.; lateral epigynal parts pointed, median part ± triangular, rounded posteriorly; similar to ferox but the light spots on opisthosoma sometimes smaller

Amaurobius jugorum L. Koch, 1868

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Maurer & Hänggi 1989)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

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Pedipalp as fig.; dorsal tibial apophysis longer and stronger bent than in jugorum; epigyne as fig.; receptacula more separated than in jugorum; eyes as fig.

Amaurobius crassipalpis Canestrini & Pavesi, 1870

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dresco 1977)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
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Eyes, frontal view
(Dresco 1977)
5
(1)
Males

  6  

- Females

  10  

6
(5)
Dorsal tibial apophysis long and narrowly tapering

  7  

speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Dorsal tibial apophysis at least basally very broad

  9  

speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
7
(6)

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Lateral process of dorsal tibial apophysis straightly truncated; similar to fenestralis, sometimes pattern of opisthosoma more distinct

Amaurobius similis (Blackwall, 1861)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1953)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1953)
- Different

  8  

8
(7)

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Lateral process of dorsal tibial apophysis slender, median process long and slender

Amaurobius obustus L. Koch, 1868

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Denis 1963a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Loksa 1969)
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Lateral process of dorsal tibial apophysis broader, median process short and broad

Amaurobius ruffoi Thaler, 1990

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1990a)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1990a)
9
(6)

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Retrolateral process of tibial apophysis distinctly narrowed;

Amaurobius fenestralis (Ström, 1768)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dresco 1977)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Loksa 1969)
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Retrolateral process of tibial apophysis distally broadly rounded; opisthosoma dorsally in anterior part with a longish, dark spot, pointed posteriorly, broken into small chevrons in posterior half

Amaurobius pallidus L. Koch, 1868

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
10
(5)
Median epigynal part posteriorly narrower than anteriorly

  11  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
- Median epigynal part broadly rounded posteriorly

  13  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
11
(10)

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On each side of median epigynal part a fine tip; opisthosoma in anterior part with 4 black spots dorsally, often merged

Amaurobius fenestralis (Ström, 1768)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1953)
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female Habitus
(Koh unpubl.)
- Different

  12  

12
(11)

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Lateral epigynal parts reaching end of median part; opisthosoma dorsally in anterior part with a black square marking, becoming a dark longitudinal stripe posteriorly

Amaurobius obustus L. Koch, 1868

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Denis 1963a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1969)
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Lateral epigynal parts reaching beyond median part posteriorly

Amaurobius ruffoi Thaler, 1990

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1990a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1990a)
13
(10)

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Epigyne with large trapezoid groove; similar to fenestralis, sometimes opisthosomal pattern more distinct

Amaurobius similis (Blackwall, 1861)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
-

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Epigyne without groove

Amaurobius pallidus L. Koch, 1868

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1969)
Further taxa

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1. Amaurobius annulatus (Kulczyński, 1906)

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1906)

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2. Amaurobius antipovae Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2004

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Kovblyuk 2004)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Kovblyuk 2004)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Marusik & Kovblyuk 2004)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Marusik & Kovblyuk 2004)

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3. Amaurobius ausobskyi Thaler & Knoflach, 1998

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)

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4. Amaurobius barbarus Simon, 1911

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Lehtinen 1967)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lehtinen 1967)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1945b)

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5. Amaurobius candia Thaler & Knoflach, 2002

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)

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6. Amaurobius cerberus Fage, 1931

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Fage 1931)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Fage 1931)

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7. Amaurobius cretaensis Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)

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8. Amaurobius deelemanae Thaler & Knoflach, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)

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9. Amaurobius drenskii Kratochvil, 1934

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Kratochvíl 1934)

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10. Amaurobius geminus Thaler & Knoflach, 2002

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 2002a)

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11. Amaurobius hercegovinensis Kulczyński, 1915

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1915)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Kulczyński 1915)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, prolateral view
(Kulczyński 1915)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Kulczyński 1915)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1915)

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12. Amaurobius kratochvili Miller, 1938

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Miller 1938b)

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13. Amaurobius latebrosus Simon, 1874

speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Hubert 1965)
speciesimage
female Eyes, frontal view
(Hubert 1965)

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14. Amaurobius lesbius Bosmans, 2011

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Bosmans 2011)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Bosmans 2011)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans 2011)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans 2011)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans 2011)

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15. Amaurobius longipes Thaler & Knoflach, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995a)

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16. Amaurobius minor Kulczyński, 1915

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Polenec 1978a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1915)

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17. Amaurobius occidentalis Simon, 1892

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Bacelar 1929)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, lateral view
(Bacelar 1929)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bacelar 1929)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bacelar 1929)

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18. Amaurobius ossa Thaler & Knoflach, 1993

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, lateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)

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19. Amaurobius paon Thaler & Knoflach, 1993

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1993)

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20. Amaurobius pavesii Pesarini, 1991

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Pesarini 1991)

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21. Amaurobius pelops Thaler & Knoflach, 1991

speciesimage
male Bulbus, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)
speciesimage
male Bulbus, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1991)

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22. Amaurobius phaeacus Thaler & Knoflach, 1998

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral-ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, aboral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)

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23. Amaurobius sciakyi Pesarini, 1991

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Pesarini 1991)

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24. Amaurobius scopolii Thorell, 1871

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Pesarini 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Pesarini 1991)

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25. Amaurobius strandi Charitonov, 1937

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2002a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Kovblyuk 2002a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1998d)
speciesimage
male Tibia
(Kovblyuk 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk 2002a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk 2002a)

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26. Amaurobius vachoni Hubert, 1965

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Hubert 1965)
speciesimage
female Eyes, frontal view
(Hubert 1965)