Lycosidae: Pirata

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1
Sternum uniformly light yellow; base of coxa I-III with a small black spot

  2  

- Sternum dark, brightened in median part or with bright median stripe

  3  

2
(1)

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cp

Opisthosoma dorsally with yellowish cardiac mark, sharply bordered, not reaching beyond middle part of opisthosoma; median apophysis of male pedipalp pointing toward lateral margin of cymbium; epigyne as fig.; the lateral receptacula seminis acute angled to epigastric furrow, close to median receptacula seminis

Pirata piraticus (Clerck, 1757)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Snazell 1983b)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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male Embolus
(Loksa 1972)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
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female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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female Vulva
(Snazell 1983b)
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Prosoma
(Wiebes 1959)
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Habitus
(Dahl 1937)
-

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Opisthosoma dorsally with yellowish cardiac mark, can be broken into single spots and reaching to spinnerets; male pedipalp as fig.; tip of median apophysis pointing to tip of cymbium; epigyne as fig.; lateral receptacula seminis parallel to epigastric furrow, separated from median receptacula seminis by more than their diameter

Pirata tenuitarsis Simon, 1876

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Snazell 1983b)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Vulva
(Snazell 1983b)
3
(1)
Median apophysis of male pedipalp sickle-like bent; receptacula seminis touching each other medially

  4  

- Median apophysis of male pedipalp forked into 2 processes; receptacula seminis not touching each other medially

  6  

4
(3)

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Legs (mainly femur) distinctly annulated; male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Piratula hygrophila (Thorell, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1972)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
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female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
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Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Legs not annulated, sometimes vaguely spotted

  5  

5
(4)

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cp

Male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Piratula uliginosa (Thorell, 1856)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dahl 1937)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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female Vulva
(Loksa 1981a)
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Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

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cp

Male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Piratula insularis (Emerton, 1885)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dahl 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
6
(3)

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cp

Legs annulated; male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Piratula knorri (Scopoli, 1763)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiebes 1959)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Dahl 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Embolus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
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Sternum
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
- Legs not annulated

  7  

7
(6)

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Femur I darker than femur II-IV; male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Piratula latitans (Blackwall, 1841)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1972)
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male Pedipalp
(Dahl 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
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Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
-

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cp

All femora equally coloured; male pedipalp and epigyne as figs.

Pirata piscatorius (Clerck, 1757)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1972)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dahl 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiebes 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)
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Habitus
(Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971)