Gnaphosidae: Scotophaeus

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Males

  2  

- Females

  4  

2
(1)

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Tibial apophysis < tibia; embolus short and straight

Scotophaeus blackwalli (Thorell, 1871)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
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male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1966)
- Tibial apophysis greater or equal tibia; embolus long and whip-like

  3  

3
(2)

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Tibial apophysis ± uniformly tapering off towards the tip male bulbus as fig.

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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Tibial apophysis with distinct tip; male bulbus as fig.

Scotophaeus scutulatus (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1971)
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male Pedipalp
(Noordam 1992)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
4
(1)

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Epigynal groove with lateral indentation

Scotophaeus blackwalli (Thorell, 1871)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
- Different

  5  

5
(4)

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Epigynal groove roundish, somewhat wider than long

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Shadab 1977)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
-

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Epigynal groove ± quadrangular, distinctly longer than wide

Scotophaeus scutulatus (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Noordam 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
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female Vulva
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
Further taxa

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1. Scotophaeus aculeatus Simon, 1914

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Simon 1914)

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2. Scotophaeus blackwalli isabellinus (Simon, 1873)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lessert 1904)

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3. Scotophaeus blackwalli politus (Simon, 1878)

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female Habitus, dorsal view
(Simon 1878)

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4. Scotophaeus brolemanni Simon, 1914

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Simon 1914)

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5. Scotophaeus fabrisae Caporiacco, 1950

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female Epigyne
(Caporiacco 1950a)

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6. Scotophaeus insularis Berland, 1936

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Berland 1936)
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male Tibial apophysis, retrolateral view
(Berland 1936)
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male Eyes, dorsal view
(Berland 1936)
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female Epigyne
(Schmidt et al. 1994)

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7. Scotophaeus musculus (Simon, 1878)

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male Tibial apophysis
(Simon 1914)
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female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

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8. Scotophaeus nanoides Wunderlich, 2011

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 2011a)
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male Metatarsus III, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2011a)

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9. Scotophaeus nanus Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995i)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995i)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995i)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995i)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995i)

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10. Scotophaeus peninsularis Roewer, 1928

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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female Epigyne
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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female Vulva
(Chatzaki et al. 2002b)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)

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11. Scotophaeus retusus (Simon, 1878)

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female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)

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12. Scotophaeus torretrencada Wunderlich, 2017

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 2017)
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male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 2017)

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13. Scotophaeus validus (Lucas, 1846)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1914)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Simon 1914)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(L Koch 1866)

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14. Scotophaeus westringi Simon, 1914

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male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1914)
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female Epigyne
(Simon 1914)