Linyphiidae: Tapinocyba

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  9  

2
(1)

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Tibia with slender and pointed apophysis

Tapinocyba praecox (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

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Tibia with a broad apophysis, ending in 2 small tips

Tapinocyba mitis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1882)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)
One tibial apophysis distinctly longer than the other one

  5  

- Both tibial apophysis ± equal in length

  6  

5
(4)

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Tip of embolic division as fig.; one short, blunt and one long, bent tibial apophysis

Tapinocyba affinis Lessert, 1907

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Tip of embolic division distally U-shaped; both tibial apophysis slightly converging

Tapinocyba insecta (L. Koch, 1869)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
6
(4)
Tibial apophysis ± as long as tibia

  7  

- Tibial apophysis distinctly shorter than tibia

  8  

7
(6)

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Tibial apophysis tapering to a tip

Tapinocyba biscissa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Tibial apophysis more broadly tapering

Tapinocyba maureri Thaler, 1991

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Hänggi 1993)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1991a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1991a)
8
(6)

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Embolic division protruding; both tibial apophysis slightly diverging

Tapinocyba pallens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
-

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Embolic division as fig.

Tapinocyba ligurica Thaler, 1976

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1976a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1976a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1976a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Thaler 1976a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Thaler 1976a)
9
(1)

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Sclerotised epigynal area ± roundish

Tapinocyba mitis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1882)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
- Sclerotised epigynal area at least 1.5 times as wide as long

  10  

10
(9)
Epigynal groove reaching ± 3/4 of epigyne length

  11  

- Epigynal groove reaching ± 1/2 of epigyne length

  13  

11
(10)

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Epigynal groove broad, with strongly sclerotised anterior margin

Tapinocyba biscissa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Starega 1972)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Epigynal groove broad, anterior margin not strikingly sclerotised

  12  

12
(11)

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Epigynal groove narrow, anterior margin not strikingly sclerotised

Tapinocyba insecta (L. Koch, 1869)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Very similar to insecta, apparently not distinguishable from the vicarious species insecta

Tapinocyba maureri Thaler, 1991

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Hänggi 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler 1991a)
13
(10)
Median plate protruding into ± trapezoid epigynal groove

  14  

- Different

  15  

14
(13)

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Vulva as fig.

Tapinocyba affinis Lessert, 1907

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Epigyne/vulva as fig.

Tapinocyba ligurica Thaler, 1976

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1976a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1976a)
15
(13)

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Epigynal groove ± roundish oval, anterior margin medially interrupted

Tapinocyba praecox (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Epigynal groove as fig., anterior margin not interrupted

Tapinocyba pallens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
Further taxa

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1. Tapinocyba abetoneensis Wunderlich, 1980

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1980c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1980c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1980c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1980c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1980c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1980c)

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2. Tapinocyba affinis orientalis Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1975c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1975c)

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3. Tapinocyba affinis pyrenaea Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, mesal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)

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4. Tapinocyba algirica Bosmans, 2007

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, mesal view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans 2007)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans 2007)

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5. Tapinocyba anceps Denis, 1948

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1948a)

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6. Tapinocyba corsica (Simon, 1884)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1975d)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1975d)

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7. Tapinocyba discedens Denis, 1948

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Denis 1948a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Denis 1948a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral-dorsal view
(Denis 1948a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1948a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Denis 1948a)

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8. Tapinocyba latia Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1979)

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9. Tapinocyba lucana Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Paracymbium
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1979)

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10. Tapinocyba ventosa Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, mesal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1979)