Gnaphosidae: Trachyzelotes

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  6  

2
(1)

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Tibial apophysis distinctly bent

Trachyzelotes lyonneti (Audouin, 1826)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
- Tibial apophysis ± straight

  3  

3
(2)

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Embolus pointing in longitudinal direction of pedipalp; Anterior side of chelicerae densely provided with spines

Trachyzelotes pedestris (C. L. Koch, 1837)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
- Embolus pointing in transverse direction of pedipalp

  4  

4
(3)

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Embolus relatively thin, tapering in a bent tip

Trachyzelotes holosericeus (Simon, 1878)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
- Embolus stouter

  5  

5
(4)

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Embolus broad, strongly bent, tapering to a thin tip

Trachyzelotes fuscipes (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
-

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Embolus tapering gradually

Trachyzelotes barbatus (L. Koch, 1866)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH), ventral view
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
6
(1)

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Epigynal groove triangular

Trachyzelotes lyonneti (Audouin, 1826)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
- Epigynal groove different

  7  

7
(6)

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Epigyne with distinct median plate; frontal side of chelicerae densely covered with spines

Trachyzelotes pedestris (C. L. Koch, 1837)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
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female Vulva
(Tullgren 1946)
- Epigyne with median bar

  8  

8
(7)

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Epigyne with median bar as fig.

Trachyzelotes fuscipes (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
- Different

  9  

9
(8)

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Lateral parts of epigyne pointed

Trachyzelotes barbatus (L. Koch, 1866)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pesarini 2000)
-

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Lateral parts of epigyne broadly rounded

Trachyzelotes holosericeus (Simon, 1878)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
Further taxa

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1. Trachyzelotes adriaticus (Caporiacco, 1951)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)

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2. Trachyzelotes bardiae (Caporiacco, 1928)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)

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3. Trachyzelotes chybyndensis Tuneva & Esyunin, 2002

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2002)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2002)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2002)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tuneva & Esyunin 2002)

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4. Trachyzelotes cumensis (Ponomarev, 1979)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2008b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev & Tsvetkov 2004)
speciesimage
male Bulbal apophysis, ventral view
(Ponomarev 2008b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ponomarev 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ponomarev & Tsvetkov 2004)

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5. Trachyzelotes huberti Platnick & Murphy, 1984

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)

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6. Trachyzelotes jaxartensis (Kroneberg, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Song 1986)

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7. Trachyzelotes kulczynskii (Bösenberg, 1902)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Brescovit et al. 2008)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Brescovit et al. 2008)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Brescovit et al. 2008)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Brescovit et al. 2008)

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8. Trachyzelotes malkini Platnick & Murphy, 1984

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)

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9. Trachyzelotes manytchensis Ponomarev & Tsvetkov, 2006

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev & Tsvetkov 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ponomarev & Tsvetkov 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ponomarev et al. 2016)

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10. Trachyzelotes minutus Crespo, 2010

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Crespo & Mendes 2010)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Crespo & Mendes 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Crespo & Mendes 2010)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Crespo & Mendes 2010)

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11. Trachyzelotes mutabilis (Simon, 1878)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Epigyne (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)
speciesimage
female Vulva (courtesy of the AMNH)
(Platnick & Murphy 1984)

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12. Trachyzelotes stubbsi Platnick & Murphy, 1984

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Chatzaki 2010b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Chatzaki 2010b)