Linyphiidae: Walckenaeria

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  24  

2
(1)

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add

cp

Head region tower like extended

Walckenaeria acuminata Blackwall, 1833

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

world

add

cp

Prosomal process narrow, long and forked; pedipalp as fig.

Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)
Cephalic lobe distinct, ± as high as long, in some species almost as high as long

  5  

- Cephalic lobe half as high as long at most, horn-shaped or cone-shaped process or missing

  12  

5
(4)
Cephalic lobe divided into two parts by deep constriction

  6  

- Different

  8  

6
(5)

world

add

cp

Anterior part of cephalic lobe distinctly larger than posterior part

Walckenaeria capito (Westring, 1861)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
- Anterior part of cephalic lobe equal in size or smaller than posterior part

  7  

7
(6)

world

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cp

Anterior part of cephalic lobe smaller than posterior part; tibial apophysis with ventral branch tapering to a tip, dorsal branch with three blunt teeth

Walckenaeria cucullata (C. L. Koch, 1836)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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cp

Anterior part of cephalic lobe approximately equal in size as posterior part; tibial apophysis without dorsal branch, 3-4 teeth on stem of inner apophysis; smaller than cucullata

Walckenaeria languida (Simon, 1914)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Embolic division
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Thaler 1978a)
8
(5)

world

add

cp

Cephalic lobe distinctly marked off; pedipalp as fig.

Walckenaeria mitrata (Menge, 1868)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, dorsal view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
- Different

  9  

9
(8)

world

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cp

Cephalic lobe distinctly higher than long; pedipalp as fig.

Walckenaeria nodosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1873

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Different

  10  

10
(9)

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cp

Cephalic lobe as fig.; embolus spiral, approximately 1.5 loops, conducted by membranous conductor at tip; tibial apophysis pointed and bent

Walckenaeria incisa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Cephalic lobe as fig.; embolus spiral, approximately one loop; tibial apophysis different

  11  

11
(10)

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cp

Cephalic lobe as fig.; embolus narrowly twisted

Walckenaeria antica (Wider, 1834)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
-

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cp

Embolus widely twisted; otherwise similar to antica and hardly distinguishable without comparison

Walckenaeria alticeps (Denis, 1952)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
12
(4)

world

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cp

Between anterior median eyes and posterior median eyes a tuft of bent plumose hairs; without cephalic lobe; pedipalp as fig.

Walckenaeria monoceros (Wider, 1834)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, prolateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Different

  13  

13
(12)
Prosoma with semi-high cephalic lobe

  15  

- Different

  14  

14
(13)
Prosoma with narrow, horn-shaped or cone-shaped processes between eyes

  18  

- Prosoma without conspicuous processes

  22  

15
(13)

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cp

Prosoma step-like elevated anteriorly, in the middle of dorsal line with a distinct depression; tibia with two equally long apophyses

Walckenaeria atrotibialis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1878)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Different

  16  

16
(15)

world

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cp

Prosoma anterior to cephalic lobe with a horn-shaped structure consisting of 15-20 merged hairs; pedipalp as fig.;

Walckenaeria stylifrons (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
- Prosoma without this structure

  17  

17
(16)

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cp

Tibial apophysis long, bent, tapering to a tip, on its base another pointed process

Walckenaeria obtusa Blackwall, 1836

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

world

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cp

Tibial apophysis long, bent, bluntly tapering, on its base another bent, blunt process; prosoma as fig.; legs completely spineless

Walckenaeria simplex Chyzer, 1894

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1959)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1959)
speciesimage
Prosoma, lateral view
(Miller 1959)
18
(14)
Between the eyes a bipartite or distally broadened cone-shaped tubercle

  19  

- Between the eyes a single cone-shaped tubercle, which bears longer hairs distally

  21  

19
(18)

world

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cp

Ends of cone-shaped tubercle forwardly bent; pedipalp with large, spiral embolus

Walckenaeria kochi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tip of tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral and dorsal view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Eyes, frontal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Ends of cone-shaped tubercle not bent

  20  

20
(19)

world

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cp

Tibial apophysis with 2 crossing processes

Walckenaeria clavicornis (Emerton, 1882)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
-

world

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cp

Tibial apophysis with 2 bent processes, not crossing

Walckenaeria unicornis O. P.-Cambridge, 1861

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral and dorsal view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Eyes, frontal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
21
(18)

world

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cp

Cone-shaped tubercle protruding forwards; embolus grooved near tip

Walckenaeria cuspidata Blackwall, 1833

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

world

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cp

Cone-shaped tubercle projecting upwards: pedipalp with non-grooved embolus and claw-shaped terminal apophysis

Walckenaeria corniculans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Roberts 1987)
22
(14)

world

add

cp

Pedipalp with small paracymbium; tibial apophysis rounded and simple

Walckenaeria vigilax (Blackwall, 1853)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Pedipalp with large paracymbium; tibial apophysis complex

  23  

23
(22)

world

add

cp

Paracymbium ± U-shaped; tibial apophysis distally with 2 long processes

Walckenaeria nudipalpis (Westring, 1851)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

world

add

cp

Paracymbium ± elongated; tibial apophysis distally with one long process

Walckenaeria dysderoides (Wider, 1834)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
24
(1)

world

add

cp

Epigyne with scapus; Vulva as fig.

Walckenaeria dysderoides (Wider, 1834)

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Epigyne without distinct scapus

  25  

25
(24)

world

add

cp

Epigyne with 2 tongue-shaped plates, reaching far beyond epigastric furrow

Walckenaeria clavicornis (Emerton, 1882)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Different

  26  

26
(25)

world

add

cp

Margins of lateral epigynal plates ± parallel, Y-like diverging anteriorly

Walckenaeria unicornis O. P.-Cambridge, 1861

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Different

  27  

27
(26)
Median epigynal plate nose-shaped, reaching beyond epigastric furrow

  28  

- Different

  29  

28
(27)

world

add

cp

Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Walckenaeria cucullata (C. L. Koch, 1836)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Chelicerae, frontal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne and vulva as fig.; smaller than cucullata

Walckenaeria languida (Simon, 1914)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
29
(27)
Median epigynal plate semicircular, reaching beyond epigastric furrow

  30  

- Different

  33  

30
(29)
Median epigynal plate conspicuously sclerotised on posterior epigynal margin

  31  

- Part of median epigynal plate which reaches beyond epigastric furrow without conspicuously margin

  32  

31
(30)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate anteriorly distinctly marked off as roundish oval plate

Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate not marked off anteriorly

Walckenaeria incisa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
32
(30)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate broadly projecting beyond epigastric furrow

Walckenaeria stylifrons (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate roundly projecting beyond epigastric furrow

Walckenaeria nodosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1873

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
33
(29)
Length of marked off part of median epigynal plate approximately 3/4 of epigynal length

  34  

- Length of marked off part of median epigynal plate 1/2 of epigynal length at most

  36  

34
(33)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal area hourglass-shaped, widest posteriorly

Walckenaeria kochi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Different

  35  

35
(34)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal area widest anteriorly

Walckenaeria mitrata (Menge, 1868)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Walckenaeria simplex Chyzer, 1894

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller 1959)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1959)
36
(33)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate distinctly marked off from remaining epigynal area

Walckenaeria capito (Westring, 1861)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Median epigynal plate merging with remaining epigynal on anterior margin at least

  37  

37
(36)

world

add

cp

Eye region of prosoma strongly elevated

Walckenaeria acuminata Blackwall, 1833

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
- Different

  38  

38
(37)
Receptaculum seminis visible through epigynal plate

  39  

- Receptaculum seminis not visible through anterior or median epigynal part

  40  

39
(38)

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate broad; roundish, separated entrance ducts visible through epigyne

Walckenaeria nudipalpis (Westring, 1851)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

world

add

cp

Median epigynal plate trapezoid; entrance ducts Y-shaped

Walckenaeria obtusa Blackwall, 1836

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
40
(38)
Receptaculum seminis only visible through anterior or median epigynal area

  41  

- Entrance ducts, like receptaculum seminis ± distinctly visible

  43  

41
(40)

world

add

cp

Anterior margin of median epigynal plate bent inwards

Walckenaeria atrotibialis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1878)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
- Different

  42  

42
(41)

world

add

cp

Epigynal area almost twice as long as wide; receptacula seminis visible through epigyne, separated by 1.5 diameter

Walckenaeria vigilax (Blackwall, 1853)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

world

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Epigynal area ± as long as wide; receptacula seminis visible through epigyne, separated by 0.5 diameter

Walckenaeria corniculans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
43
(40)
Posterior epigynal margin rounded, receptaculum seminis and entrance ducts H-shaped (shining through epigyne)

  44  

- Posterior epigynal margin straight, structures visible through epigyne not H-shaped

  45  

44
(43)

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Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Walckenaeria alticeps (Denis, 1952)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Roberts 1987)
-

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Epigyne as fig.; very similar to alticeps

Walckenaeria antica (Wider, 1834)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Roberts 1987)
45
(43)

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Median epigynal plate ± trapezoid, its anterior margin bent inwards

Walckenaeria cuspidata Blackwall, 1833

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
-

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Median epigynal plate only hinted

Walckenaeria monoceros (Wider, 1834)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1960a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1987)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1960a)
Further taxa

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1. Walckenaeria abantensis Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Bosmans et al. 2009)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans et al. 2009)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Ocular area
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2009)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2009)

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2. Walckenaeria aksoyi Seyyar, Demir & Türkes, 2008

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)
speciesimage
male Palpal patella, dorsal view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Seyyar et al. 2008b)

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3. Walckenaeria angelica Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Millidge 1979)

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4. Walckenaeria angustifrons (Simon, 1884)

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva
(Wunderlich 1972b)

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5. Walckenaeria bifasciculata Tanasevitch, 1987

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Tanasevitch 1987a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Tanasevitch 1987a)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Tanasevitch 1987a)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Tanasevitch 1987a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tanasevitch 1987a)

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6. Walckenaeria brucei (Tullgren, 1955)

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Tullgren 1955)

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7. Walckenaeria christae Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)

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8. Walckenaeria cirriceps Thaler, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1996)

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9. Walckenaeria claviloba Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, prolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)

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10. Walckenaeria coniceps Thaler, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Ocular area
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler 1996)

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11. Walckenaeria cretaensis Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wunderlich 1995c)

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12. Walckenaeria cuspidata obsoleta Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1894)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1894)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1894)

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13. Walckenaeria cyprusensis Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)

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14. Walckenaeria dalmasi (Simon, 1914)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Embolic division, antero-ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area, lateral view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1926)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2010)

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15. Walckenaeria dulciacensis (Denis, 1950)

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1950c)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1950c)

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16. Walckenaeria erythrina (Simon, 1884)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Bosmans & De Smet 1993)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Bosmans & De Smet 1993)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Bosmans & De Smet 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Bosmans & De Smet 1993)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Bosmans & De Smet 1993)

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17. Walckenaeria extraterrestris Bosmans, 1993

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Suprategulum
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area, dorsal view
(Thaler 1996)
speciesimage
male Chelicera
(Thaler 1996)

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18. Walckenaeria hamus Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Bosmans et al. 2013)

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19. Walckenaeria insperata Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1979)

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20. Walckenaeria karpinskii (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, meso-dorsal view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, meso-dorsal view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Parker 1969)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Parker 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1983)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)

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21. Walckenaeria kazakhstanica Eskov, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Ocular area, lateral view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)

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22. Walckenaeria korobeinikovi Esyunin & Efimik, 1996

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Vulva, dorsal view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Ocular area
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
male Ocular area, lateral view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Efimik & Esyunin 1996)

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23. Walckenaeria lepida (Kulczyński, 1885)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Pajunen et al. 2009)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Pajunen et al. 2009)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1972b)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1972b)
speciesimage
male Eyes, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Pajunen et al. 2009)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Pajunen et al. 2009)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)

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24. Walckenaeria picetorum (Palmgren, 1976)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Palmgren 1976)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Palmgren 1976)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Palmgren 1976)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, dorsal view
(Palmgren 1976)
speciesimage
female Leg I, retrolateral view
(Palmgren 1976)

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25. Walckenaeria plumata Millidge, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
male Cephalic area
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Millidge 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Millidge 1979)

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26. Walckenaeria pyrenaea (Denis, 1952)

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denis 1952a)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1952a)

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27. Walckenaeria suspecta (Kulczyński, 1882)

speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1972b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wunderlich 1972b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wunderlich 1972b)

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28. Walckenaeria vilbasteae Wunderlich, 1980

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wunderlich 1980h)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wunderlich 1980h)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, lateral view
(Wunderlich 1980h)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, frontal view
(Wunderlich 1980h)
speciesimage
male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1980h)
29. Walckenaeria inflexa (Westring, 1861) world
30. Walckenaeria westringi Strand, 1903 world