Thomisidae: Xysticus

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  22  

2
(1)
Median bulbal apophysis T-shaped; ventral tibial apophysis broadly truncated

  3  

- Different

  5  

3
(2)

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add

cp

Tip of embolus broad, flanked by 2 wing-like structures which are transparent distally

Xysticus macedonicus Silhavy, 1944

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
- Embolic tip different

  4  

4
(3)

world

add

cp

Basal part of T-shaped bulbal apophysis longer than wide

Xysticus cristatus (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Palmgren 1983)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus
(Palmgren 1983)
-

world

add

cp

Basal part of T-shaped bulbal apophysis ± as long as wide

Xysticus audax (Schrank, 1803)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
male Embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Ono 1988)
5
(2)
At least one bulbal apophysis robust, transverse to longitudinal bulbal axis, approx. 1/2 of bulbus width

  6  

- Different

  11  

6
(5)

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cp

Median bulbal apophysis with 2 tips, arranged rectangularly

Xysticus luctator L. Koch, 1870

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  7  

7
(6)

world

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cp

Both bulbal apophyses ± parallel and equal in length, pointed

Xysticus bifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1837

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Bulbal apophysis different

  8  

8
(7)
Bulbus with two transverse apophysis

  9  

- Bulbus with one transverse apophysis

  10  

9
(8)

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cp

Bulbal apophysis slightly bent toward each other, pliers-like

Xysticus kochi Thorell, 1872

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

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cp

One bulbal apophysis hammer-shaped

Xysticus obscurus Collett, 1877

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
10
(8)

world

add

cp

Bulbal apophysis as fig.

Xysticus erraticus (Blackwall, 1834)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retroventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

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cp

Both bulbal apophyses pointing in opposite direction

Xysticus viduus Kulczyński, 1898

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller & Zitnanska 1976)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller & Zitnanska 1976)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
11
(5)
Bulbus medially with 2 short, robust apophyses, directing pliers-like toward each other

  12  

- Bulbus without such apophysis

  13  

12
(11)

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cp

Both pliers-like apophyses bent

Xysticus ulmi (Hahn, 1831)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Azheganova 1968)
-

world

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cp

Only one of these apophyses bent

Xysticus lanio C. L. Koch, 1835

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Braendegaard 1972a)
13
(11)

world

add

cp

Tip of embolus strikingly broad and with transverse folds

Xysticus striatipes L. Koch, 1870

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus, prolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  14  

14
(13)
Lateral tibial apophysis with pointed ending

  15  

- Lateral tibial apophysis rounded

  19  

15
(14)

world

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cp

Tip of lateral tibial apophysis strikingly narrow and elongated

Xysticus lineatus (Westring, 1851)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Maurer 1975)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  16  

16
(15)
Lateral tibial apophysis ± triangular

  17  

- Lateral tibial apophysis with ± parallel sides

  18  

17
(16)

world

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cp

Ventral tibial apophysis with 2 distinctly separated processes

Xysticus kempeleni Thorell, 1872

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus, lateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

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cp

The two processes of ventral tibial apophysis basally merged

Xysticus luctuosus (Blackwall, 1836)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
18
(16)

world

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cp

Tip of lateral tibial apophysis directing ventrally; ventral tibial apophysis small

Xysticus acerbus Thorell, 1872

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
-

world

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cp

Tip of lateral tibial apophysis directing dorsally; ventral tibial apophysis large and with several processes

Xysticus robustus (Hahn, 1832)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
19
(14)
Cymbial process strikingly broad basally or bent

  20  

- Cymbial process small

  21  

20
(19)

world

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cp

Cymbial process basally broad; tip of embolus thin, distally twisted

Xysticus bonneti Denis, 1938

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Cymbial process S-like bent; tip of embolus broad

Xysticus secedens L. Koch, 1876

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
21
(19)

world

add

cp

Lateral tibial apophysis basally wider than distally; tip of embolus bent

Xysticus sabulosus (Hahn, 1832)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Embolus, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1972a)
-

world

add

cp

Lateral tibial apophysis with approx. parallel sides; tip of embolus straight

Xysticus ninnii Thorell, 1872

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
22
(1)
Epigyne with two grooves which are distinctly separated

  33  

- Epigyne with one groove

  23  

23
(22)
Distance between epigastric furrow and posterior margin of epigynal groove smaller or equal one diameter of epigynal groove

  24  

- Distance between epigastric furrow and posterior margin of epigynal groove 1.5-2 diameters of epigynal grooves

  31  

24
(23)
Epigynal groove medially indented on anterior margin

  25  

- Different

  26  

25
(24)

world

add

cp

Epigyne as fig.

Xysticus ninnii Thorell, 1872

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne as fig.

Xysticus viduus Kulczyński, 1898

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller & Zitnanska 1976)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller & Zitnanska 1976)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller & Zitnanska 1976)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
26
(24)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove posteriorly distinctly narrower than anteriorly

Xysticus luctuosus (Blackwall, 1836)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  27  

27
(26)
Epigynal groove ± quadrangular or triangular

  28  

- Epigynal groove roundish

  30  

28
(27)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove ± triangular, particularly laterally bordered by robust chitinous wall

Xysticus bonneti Denis, 1938

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Epigynal groove ± quadrangular

  29  

29
(28)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove longish, ± quadrangular, anteriorly bordered by broad chitinous wall

Xysticus lineatus (Westring, 1851)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Maurer 1975)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove quadratic to roundish

Xysticus obscurus Collett, 1877

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler & Knoflach 1995b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
30
(27)

world

add

cp

All sides of epigynal groove distinctly bordered

Xysticus acerbus Thorell, 1872

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(van Helsdingen 1986a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove indistinctly bordered anteriorly

Xysticus sabulosus (Hahn, 1832)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
31
(23)

world

add

cp

Basic shape of epigyne roundish

Xysticus bifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1837

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Basic shape of epigyne rhombic/trapezoid

  32  

32
(31)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove laterally indented; vulva as fig.

Xysticus erraticus (Blackwall, 1834)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove laterally not indented; vulva as fig.

Xysticus robustus (Hahn, 1832)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
33
(22)

world

add

cp

Epigyne ± quadrangular with rounded corners; margins of bar between the two epigynal grooves anteriorly diverging

Xysticus kempeleni Thorell, 1872

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  34  

34
(33)

world

add

cp

Bar between the two epigynal grooves distinctly wider than width of one epigynal groove

Xysticus luctator L. Koch, 1870

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Different

  35  

35
(34)
Epigyne anteriorly with broad, semicircular chitinous wall

  36  

- Different

  37  

36
(35)

world

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cp

Width of bar between the two epigynal grooves approx. width of epigynal groove

Xysticus striatipes L. Koch, 1870

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
-

world

add

cp

Width of bar between the two epigynal grooves approx. 1/2 width of epigynal groove

Xysticus kochi Thorell, 1872

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
37
(35)

world

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cp

Inner margins of epigynal groove strongly sclerotised medially

Xysticus audax (Schrank, 1803)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Palmgren 1983)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Ono 1988)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Ono 1988)
- Different

  38  

38
(37)
Epigynal region all in all more strongly sclerotised and ± roundish

  39  

-

world

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cp

Epigynal region only at outer sides of epigynal grooves more strongly sclerotised, so that it consists of two separated parts

Xysticus secedens L. Koch, 1876

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
39
(38)

world

add

cp

Bar between the epigynal grooves ± as wide as one epigynal groove

Xysticus lanio C. L. Koch, 1835

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
- Bar between epigynal grooves distinctly narrower than one epigynal groove

  40  

40
(39)

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cp

Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Xysticus ulmi (Hahn, 1831)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
- Different

  41  

41
(40)

world

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cp

Posterior margin of epigynal grooves distinctly sclerotised; Vulva as fig.

Xysticus cristatus (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Vilbaste & Eesti Ämblikud 1969)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1972a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Vilbaste & Eesti Ämblikud 1969)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Palmgren 1983)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Braendegaard 1972a)
-

world

add

cp

Posterior margin of epigynal grooves less sclerotised; vulva as fig.

Xysticus macedonicus Silhavy, 1944

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001b)
Further taxa

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cp

1. Xysticus abditus Logunov, 2006

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2006)

world

add

cp

2. Xysticus abramovi Marusik & Logunov, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Demir et al. 2010)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Demir et al. 2010)

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add

cp

3. Xysticus adzharicus Mcheidze, 1971

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Mcheidze 1997)

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add

cp

4. Xysticus albidus Grese, 1909

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik 1989)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik 1989)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Marusik 1989)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)

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add

cp

5. Xysticus alpicola Kulczyński, 1882

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1882)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kulczyński 1882)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1909)

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add

cp

6. Xysticus apricus L. Koch, 1876

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

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add

cp

7. Xysticus atevs Ovtsharenko, 1979

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ovtsharenko 1979)

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add

cp

8. Xysticus bacurianensis Mcheidze, 1971

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko 1979)
speciesimage
male Embolus, dorsal view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, lateral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Logunov & Demir 2006)

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add

cp

9. Xysticus bicolor L. Koch, 1867

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

10. Xysticus bliteus (Simon, 1875)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)

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add

cp

11. Xysticus brevidentatus Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
male Embolus
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
male Tip of embolus
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Jantscher 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Jantscher 2003)

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add

cp

12. Xysticus britcheri Gertsch, 1934

speciesimage
male Bulbal apophysis
(Marusik & Logunov 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Gertsch 1934)

world

add

cp

13. Xysticus bufo (Dufour, 1820)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ledoux unpupl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Jansen unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jansen unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Jansen unpubl.)

world

add

cp

14. Xysticus canadensis Gertsch, 1934

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1996)
speciesimage
male Bulbal apophysis
(Marusik & Logunov 1996)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1996)

world

add

cp

15. Xysticus caperatus Simon, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)

world

add

cp

16. Xysticus caspicus Utochkin, 1968

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Utochkin 1968)

world

add

cp

17. Xysticus caucasius L. Koch, 1878

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(L. Koch 1878)

world

add

cp

18. Xysticus charitonowi Mcheidze, 1971

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Mcheidze 1997)

world

add

cp

19. Xysticus chippewa Gertsch, 1953

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dondale et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Dondale et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dondale et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis
(Dondale et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Dondale et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Dondale et al. 2006)

world

add

cp

20. Xysticus cor Canestrini, 1873

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler & Noflatscher 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Thaler & Noflatscher 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler & Noflatscher 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Thaler & Noflatscher 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

world

add

cp

21. Xysticus corsicus Simon, 1875

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)

world

add

cp

22. Xysticus cribratus Simon, 1885

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

world

add

cp

23. Xysticus demirsoyi Demir, Topçu & Türkes, 2006

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Demir et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Demir et al. 2006)

world

add

cp

24. Xysticus desidiosus Simon, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

world

add

cp

25. Xysticus diversus (Blackwall, 1870)

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Blackwall 1870a)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, dorsal view
(Blackwall 1870a)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Blackwall 1870a)

world

add

cp

26. Xysticus edax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, variation, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)

world

add

cp

27. Xysticus emertoni Keyserling, 1880

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)

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add

cp

28. Xysticus ferrugineus Menge, 1876

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

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add

cp

29. Xysticus ferus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Bristle (dorsal opisthosoma)
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

30. Xysticus fienae (Jocqué, 1993)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jocqué 1993)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jocqué 1993)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Jocqué 1993)

world

add

cp

31. Xysticus gallicus Simon, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ledoux unpupl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ledoux unpupl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Ledoux unpupl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

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add

cp

32. Xysticus gortanii Caporiacco, 1922

speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Caporiacco 1922)

world

add

cp

33. Xysticus graecus C. L. Koch, 1837

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Bristle (ventral opisthosoma)
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)

world

add

cp

34. Xysticus grallator Simon, 1932

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Carrillo et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Carrillo et al. 2016)
speciesimage
Prosoma
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
Prosoma
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
Prosoma
(Urones et al. 1983)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Urones et al. 1983)

world

add

cp

35. Xysticus ibex Simon, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Urones 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Urones 1985)
speciesimage
male Habitus
(Urones 1985)

world

add

cp

36. Xysticus idolothytus Logunov, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 1995c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 1995c)

world

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cp

37. Xysticus kalandadzei Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Mcheidze 1997)

world

add

cp

38. Xysticus kaznakovi Utochkin, 1968

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Demir 2015)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Demir 2015)

world

add

cp

39. Xysticus kulczynskii Wierzbicki, 1902

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, ventral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov et al. 2002)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wierzbicki 1902)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Logunov et al. 2002)

world

add

cp

40. Xysticus laetus Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov 2006)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Logunov 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Logunov 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Logunov 2006)

world

add

cp

41. Xysticus lalandei (Audouin, 1826)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)

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cp

42. Xysticus lanio alpinus Kulczyński, 1887

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

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cp

43. Xysticus lendli Kulczyński, 1897

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1897)

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cp

44. Xysticus loeffleri Roewer, 1955

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)

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cp

45. Xysticus marmoratus Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Hepner et al. 2011)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Hepner et al. 2011)

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cp

46. Xysticus mongolicus Schenkel, 1963

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Schenkel 1963)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Schenkel 1963)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Schenkel 1963)
speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva
(Song et al. 1999)

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cp

47. Xysticus nataliae Utochkin, 1968

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Utochkin 1968)

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cp

48. Xysticus nigrotrivittatus (Simon, 1870)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

49. Xysticus ninnii fusciventris Crome, 1965

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Crome 1965)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Crome 1965)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Femur I, dorsal view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Ono & Martens 2005)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Ono & Martens 2005)

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cp

50. Xysticus nubilus Simon, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)

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cp

51. Xysticus obesus Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
female Epigyne/vulva
(Charitonov 1969)

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add

cp

52. Xysticus ovatus Simon, 1876

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Bosmans & Jacobs 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)

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cp

53. Xysticus parallelus Simon, 1873

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lissner 2016c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Lissner 2016c)

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cp

54. Xysticus pseudolanio Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

55. Xysticus pseudorectilineus (Wunderlich, 1995)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Demir et al. 2008c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Demir et al. 2008c)

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cp

56. Xysticus rectilineus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Levy 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy 1985)

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cp

57. Xysticus sabulosus occidentalis Kulczyński, 1916

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
male Embolus, retrolateral view
(Kulczyński 1916)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1916)

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cp

58. Xysticus sardiniensis (Wunderlich, 1995)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

59. Xysticus semicarinatus Simon, 1932

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Urones & Gomez 1985)

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cp

60. Xysticus siciliensis Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(IJland & van Helsdingen 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(IJland & van Helsdingen 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(IJland & van Helsdingen 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(IJland & van Helsdingen 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(IJland & van Helsdingen 2016)

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cp

61. Xysticus sjostedti Schenkel, 1936

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Logunov & Marusik 1994b)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Logunov & Marusik 1994b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov & Marusik 1994b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Logunov & Marusik 1994b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Logunov & Marusik 1994b)

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cp

62. Xysticus slovacus Svaton, Pekar & Pridavka, 2000

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Esyunin & Efimik 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Esyunin & Efimik 1995)

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cp

63. Xysticus soderbomi Schenkel, 1936

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)

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cp

64. Xysticus spasskyi Utochkin, 1968

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
male Habitus, dorsal view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Utochkin 1968)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Marusik & Azarkina 2016)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Utochkin 1968)

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cp

65. Xysticus tenebrosus Silhavy, 1944

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Deltshev et al. 2004)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Deltshev et al. 2004)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Coşar et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Coşar et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Deltshev et al. 2004)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Deltshev et al. 2004)

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cp

66. Xysticus tenuiapicalis Demir, 2012

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Demir 2012)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Demir 2012)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Demir & Koçyiğit 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Demir & Koçyiğit 2016)

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cp

67. Xysticus thessalicoides Wunderlich, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Tegular apophysis, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

68. Xysticus thessalicus Simon, 1916

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lecigne 2011)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Lecigne 2011)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Azarkina & Logunov 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Azarkina & Logunov 2001)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

69. Xysticus tortuosus Simon, 1932

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini 2000)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jantscher 2001a)

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cp

70. Xysticus tristrami (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1999b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Marusik & Logunov 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wunderlich 1995b)

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cp

71. Xysticus ukrainicus Utochkin, 1968

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Mcheidze 1997)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Ovtsharenko 1979)

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cp

72. Xysticus ulkan Marusik & Logunov, 1990

speciesimage
-- Caption missing --
(Esyunin et al. 2007)
speciesimage
-- Caption missing --
(Esyunin et al. 2007)

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cp

73. Xysticus xerodermus Strand, 1913

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1976)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Levy 1976)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Logunov & Demir 2006)
74. Xysticus acerbus obscurior Kulczyński, 1895 world
75. Xysticus arenarius Thorell, 1875 world
76. Xysticus arenicola Simon, 1875 world
77. Xysticus audax massanicus Simon, 1932 world
78. Xysticus doriai (Dalmas, 1922) world
79. Xysticus ibex dalmasi Simon, 1932 world
80. Xysticus kempeleni nigriceps Simon, 1932 world
81. Xysticus tenebrosus ohridensis Silhavy, 1944 world