Miturgidae: Zora

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Metatarsus I and II ventrally with 2 pairs of bristles

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- Metatarsus I and II ventrally with 3 pairs of bristles

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Dark median longitudinal bands of prosoma distinctly broader than the lateral nearby light longitudinal bands; dark marginal band very broad; tibia of male pedipalp as fig.; epigyne with very small groove

Zora manicata Simon, 1878

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
- Dark median longitudinal bands of prosoma ± as broad as the nearby lateral light longitudinal bands; dark marginal band narrow

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Dark marginal band of prosoma distinct and continuous; femur I and II dorsally and /or laterally with mostly distinct dark grey longitudinal stripes or rows of spots; tibia of male pedipalp as fig.; epigyne with moderately large groove

Zora silvestris Kulczyński, 1897

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket et al. 1974)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
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female Vulva
(Locket et al. 1974)
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Dark marginal band of prosoma very narrow and interrupted; femur I and II without or with very indistinct spots; epigyne with very large groove; male unknown

Zora alpina Kulczyński, 1915

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Prosoma, dorsal view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Femur yellow-brown, with numerous dark grey spots; dark marginal band of prosoma mostly doubled, the inner one interrupted; epigyne with small groove

Zora pardalis Simon, 1878

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Urones 2005)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Urones 2005)
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male Tibial apophysis, dorsal view
(Urones 2005)
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female Epigyne/vulva
(Urones 2005)
- Femur mostly uniformly yellow, without distinct darker spots, sometimes with dark brown longitudinal stripes; only one dark marginal band or lacking

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Opisthosoma dorsally with 3 distinctly dark, continuous longitudinal band on light background; male pedipalp with tibial apophysis as fig.; epigyne with small groove

Zora parallela Simon, 1878

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
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male Pedipalp
(Denis 1965a)
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male Tip of bulbus
(Denis 1965a)
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male Tip of bulbus
(Denis 1965a)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Denis 1965a)
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female Epigyne
(Denis 1965a)
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female Epigyne
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
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female Vulva
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
- Opisthosoma dorsally yellow-brown, mostly with dark spots; if median longitudinal band is present, then longitudinally brightened

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Opisthosoma ventrally and laterally middle to dark brown, in distinct contrast to much lighter dorsal side; prosoma without dark marginal band (pigment spots of coxal margins visible through prosoma can pretend a discontinuous band, clearly separated from margin); tibial apophysis as fig.; epigyne with small groove and strongly pigmented

Zora distincta Kulczyński, 1915

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Opisthosoma dorsally not lighter than ventrally; prosoma with distinct dark marginal band

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Femur III dorsally with 5 bristles; patella of male pedipalp distinctly broadened; epigynal groove distinctly larger than receptaculum seminis; dark median longitudinal bands of prosoma distinctly broader than nearby light lateral longitudinal bands; basic colour of opisthosoma light to middle brown, dark spots mostly indistinct

Zora nemoralis (Blackwall, 1861)

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male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Holm 1945)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
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female Vulva
(Locket et al. 1974)
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Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller 1971)
- Femur III dorsally with 7-9 bristles; patella of male pedipalp not broadened; epigynal groove not considerably larger than receptaculum seminis; dark median longitudinal bands of prosoma mostly narrower than nearby light lateral bands; dark marginal band narrower than the nearby light longitudinal bands; basic colour of opisthosoma bright, with distinct dark brown spots

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Femur I and II with dark brown longitudinal stripes; male coxa IV densely covered with short, thick hairs; retinaculum as fig.; epigyne with small groove and larger receptacula seminis

Zora spinimana (Sundevall, 1833)

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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Miller 1947)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
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female Vulva
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva
(Dahl 1937)
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Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller 1947)
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Habitus
(Murphy & Murphy 2000)
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Femur I and II yellow-brown; male coxa IV scarcely covered with long, thin hairs; retinaculum as fig.; epigyne with large groove and small receptacula seminis

Zora armillata Simon, 1878

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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Pedipalp in detail
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Palpal femur
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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male Tibial apophysis
(Locket et al. 1974)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Vulva
(Locket et al. 1974)
Further taxa

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1. Zora palmgreni Holm, 1945

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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Holm 1945)
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female Epigyne/vulva, ventral view
(Holm 1945)

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2. Zora prespaensis Drensky, 1929

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female Epigyne
(Drensky 1929)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Deltshev 2003)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Deltshev 2003)