Araneidae: Zygiella

In case you find an error or have a specific suggestion, please follow this link: click
1
Paracymbium triangular with distally directed, rounded tip; epigyne bordered by broad chitinous wall

  2  

- Paracymbium different; epigyne with scapus

  4  

2
(1)

world

add

cp

Bulbus distally with large, hook-shaped apophysis; epigyne greater or equal than 2 times as wide as long

Zygiella montana (C. L. Koch, 1834)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1931)
- Bulbus distally without hook-shaped apophysis; epigyne < 2 times as wide as long

  3  

3
(2)

world

add

cp

Tibia of male pedipalp > 4 times as long as wide; epigynal groove clearly visible

Zygiella atrica (C. L. Koch, 1845)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

world

add

cp

Tibia of male pedipalp only slightly longer than wide; epigynal groove covered by thick chitinous bulges

Zygiella x-notata (Clerck, 1757)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Wiehle 1931)
4
(1)

world

add

cp

Paracymbium lobed; bulbus with 2 very large and projecting apophyses; scapus of epigyne ± parallel-sided

Leviellus stroemi (Thorell, 1870)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Wiehle 1931)
-

world

add

cp

Paracymbium broadly truncated distally; bulbal apophyses only slightly projecting; epigyne with broad triangular scapus

Leviellus thorelli (Ausserer, 1871)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Loksa 1972)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Wiehle 1931)
Further taxa

world

add

cp

1. Zygiella keyserlingi (Ausserer, 1871)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Levi 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levi 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levi 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, posterior view
(Levi 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2008a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1891)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levi 1974)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2008a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2008a)
speciesimage
female Spermatheca, caudal view
(Kovblyuk et al. 2008a)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(Levi 1974)