Clubionidae: Clubiona

In case you find an error or have a specific suggestion, please follow this link: click
1
Opisthosoma also in posterior half with distinct pattern consisting of a median band, chevrons or arcuate stripes

  3  

- Opisthosoma only in anterior half with wedge-shaped cardiac mark or without pattern

  2  

2
(1)

Chelicerae distinctly darker (mostly dark brown to black) than prosoma (mostly light to middle brown) -> see also C. lutescens

  12  

- Chelicerae not darker than prosoma

  28  

3
(1)

world

add

cp

Bulbus simple, unstructured and large; epigynal groove 1 1/2 of its length apart from epigastric furrow

Clubiona corticalis (Walckenaer, 1802)

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  4  

4
(3)
Ventral tibial apophysis arrow-shaped, with barb; receptaculum seminis not distinctly visible through anterior half of epigyne; epigyne wider than long

  5  

- Tibial apophysis not arrow-shaped, without barb; epigyne at least as long as wide; 2 (mostly) circular receptacula seminis visible through anterior half of epigyne

  6  

5
(4)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis blunt and with a barb; posterior epigynal margin with distinct quadrangular lobe

Clubiona kulczynskii Lessert, 1905

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Vogelsanger 1948)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis pointed and with 2 barbs; epigyne as fig.

Clubiona subsultans Thorell, 1875

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Polenec 1979)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
6
(4)
Male pedipalp with simple undivided tibial apophysis; epigyne with large, ± heart-shaped groove

  7  

- Tibial apophysis tapering into a tip, narrowed at base or slightly bent; epigyne without distinct groove

  9  

7
(6)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis and tibia approx. equal in length; epigynal groove roundish trapezoid

Clubiona juvenis Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Tibial apophysis smaller than half the length of tibia; epigyne different

  8  

8
(7)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis rounded; epigynal groove heart-shaped; entrance ducts spiral; chelicerae hardly swollen

Clubiona genevensis L. Koch, 1866

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis pointed; epigynal groove as fig.; chelicerae strikingly swollen

Clubiona vegeta Simon, 1918

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(van Helsdingen 1979)
9
(6)

world

add

cp

Ventral tibial apophysis with long, pointed, bent process; epigynal groove with semicircular entrance ducts, visible through epigyne

Clubiona comta C. L. Koch, 1839

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  10  

10
(9)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis approx. as long as wide; median part of posterior epigynal margin strongly sclerotised

Clubiona alpicola Kulczyński, 1882

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Blick et al. 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Blick et al. 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Blick et al. 1995)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
- Tibial apophysis distinctly longer than wide; epigyne different

  11  

11
(10)

world

add

cp

Embolus short, bent; tibial apophysis as fig.; posterior epigynal margin backwardly protruding

Clubiona hilaris Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1981a)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Embolus long, straight; Tibial apophysis as fig.; posterior epigynal margin deeply indented with distinct, protruding median part which can be longish rectangular to broad triangular

Clubiona saxatilis L. Koch, 1867

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller 1947)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Thaler 1981c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
12
(2)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis with 4 processes; tibia much larger than bulbus; epigyne beak-like elongated

Clubiona caerulescens L. Koch, 1867

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  13  

13
(12)
Males

  14  

- Females

  21  

14
(13)
Ventral tibial apophysis pointed, arrow-shaped, with barb

  15  

- Tibial apophysis different

  17  

15
(14)

world

add

cp

Ventral tibial apophysis with 2 pointed and one round process

Clubiona stagnatilis Kulczyński, 1897

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
- Different

  16  

16
(15)

world

add

cp

Dorsal tibial apophysis broad and round

Clubiona rosserae Locket, 1953

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Kupryjanowicz 1995b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Dorsal tibial apophysis pointed

Clubiona norvegica Strand, 1900

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Aakra unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
17
(14)
Tibia next to broadly rounded apophysis with U-like projecting, narrow apophysis

  18  

-

world

add

cp

Different; tibial apophysis as fig.

Clubiona phragmitis C. L. Koch, 1843

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
18
(17)

world

add

cp

U-like projecting branch of tibial apophysis broadened and indented at tip

Clubiona similis L. Koch, 1867

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  19  

19
(18)

world

add

cp

Narrow branch of tibial apophysis rounded at tip

Clubiona terrestris Westring, 1851

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  20  

20
(19)

world

add

cp

Narrow branch of tibial apophysis slightly grooved at tip; chelicerae approx. half as long as prosoma

Clubiona neglecta O. P.-Cambridge, 1862

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Chelicerae, lateral view
(Merrett 2001)
-

world

add

cp

Narrow branch of tibial apophysis slightly broadened at tip; chelicerae approx. as long as prosoma

Clubiona pseudoneglecta Wunderlich, 1994

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
male Chelicerae, ventral view
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
Prosoma, lateral view
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
21
(13)
Posterior epigynal margin with medially protruding lobe

  22  

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
- Different

  23  

22
(21)

world

add

cp

Epigyne and vulva as figs.

Clubiona neglecta O. P.-Cambridge, 1862

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne similar, but receptacula seminis more longish than in neglecta

Clubiona pseudoneglecta Wunderlich, 1994

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Merrett 2001)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pozzi & Hänggi 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Merrett 2001)
23
(21)
Epigyne wider than long, posterior margin more strongly sclerotised

  24  

- Epigyne longer than wide

  26  

24
(23)

world

add

cp

2 round receptacula seminis in median epigynal region, distinctly visible

Clubiona rosserae Locket, 1953

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  25  

25
(24)

world

add

cp

Receptacula seminis in anterior epigynal region, visible through epigyne

Clubiona stagnatilis Kulczyński, 1897

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Jäger 1995a)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
-

world

add

cp

Receptacula seminis in posterior epigynal region, visible through epigyne

Clubiona norvegica Strand, 1900

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
26
(23)

world

add

cp

Entrance duct distinctly visible, obtuse-angled

Clubiona terrestris Westring, 1851

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  27  

27
(26)

world

add

cp

Epigyne as fig.; copulatory opening more slit-like than round (different as in drawings by Wiehle)

Clubiona similis L. Koch, 1867

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Clubiona phragmitis C. L. Koch, 1843

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
28
(2)
Males

  29  

- Females

  38  

29
(28)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis spear-shaped

Clubiona reclusa O. P.-Cambridge, 1863

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  30  

30
(29)
Tibia with a dorsal and a ventral apophysis, both ± equal in width and blunt

  31  

- Different

  32  

31
(30)

world

add

cp

Ventral tibial apophysis half as long as dorsal tibial apophysis

Clubiona lutescens Westring, 1851

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Aakra unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Both tibial apophysis ± equal in length; ventral tibial apophysis slightly stalked, slightly varying in form

Clubiona frutetorum L. Koch, 1867

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Bosselaers 2001)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(van Helsdingen 1979)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
32
(30)
Tibial apophysis with a unstructured dorsal apophysis, at least as long as tibia, ± as wide as tibia at base

  33  

- Different

  36  

33
(32)
Tibial apophysis broad, ± blunt

  34  

- Tibial apophysis cut at an angle, ± pointed

  35  

34
(33)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis ± as long as tibia

Clubiona trivialis C. L. Koch, 1843

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis twice as long as tibia

Clubiona marmorata L. Koch, 1866

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
35
(33)

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis with distinctly stepped tip

Clubiona subtilis L. Koch, 1867

female

speciesimage
male Spermophor
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis uniformly tapering distally

Clubiona diversa O. P.-Cambridge, 1862

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
36
(32)

world

add

cp

Tibia with a blunt dorsal and a pointed ventral apophysis

Clubiona germanica Thorell, 1871

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  37  

37
(36)

world

add

cp

Dorsal tibial apophysis with thin, bent process, forked at tip

Clubiona brevipes Blackwall, 1841

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Tibial apophysis different

Clubiona pallidula (Clerck, 1757)

female

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Reimoser 1937)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Barrientos & Urones 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, ventral view
(Barrientos & Urones 1985)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, lateral view
(Barrientos & Urones 1985)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, dorsal view
(Barrientos & Urones 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
38
(28)

world

add

cp

Entrance ducts visible as arcuate slits

Clubiona lutescens Westring, 1851

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  39  

39
(38)

world

add

cp

Entrance ducts slit-shaped, diverging posteriorly

Clubiona marmorata L. Koch, 1866

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  40  

40
(39)
Epigynal groove distinctly bordered posteriorly

  41  

- Different

  45  

41
(40)
Epigynal groove undivided

  43  

- Epigynal groove bipartite

  42  

42
(41)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove broadly heart-shaped, on each side with a shallow depression

Clubiona subtilis L. Koch, 1867

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Azheganova 1968)
-

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove without depression

Clubiona germanica Thorell, 1871

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Pesarini unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
43
(41)

world

add

cp

Entrance ducts semicircular, visible at posterior epigynal margin

Clubiona brevipes Blackwall, 1841

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  44  

44
(43)

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove round; epigynal region with trapezoid chitinous plate, only a few structures visible through this plate

Clubiona trivialis C. L. Koch, 1843

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Eyes, dorsal view
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Epigynal groove longish oval

Clubiona diversa O. P.-Cambridge, 1862

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
45
(40)

world

add

cp

Posterior epigynal margin nose-like produced posteriorly

Clubiona reclusa O. P.-Cambridge, 1863

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
- Different

  46  

46
(45)

world

add

cp

Epigyne as fig.; inner receptacula seminis larger than outer atria

Clubiona pallidula (Clerck, 1757)

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1951)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
-

world

add

cp

Epigyne with roundish imprint of receptacula seminis, marked off anteriorly by distinctly stronger sclerotisation

Clubiona frutetorum L. Koch, 1867

male

speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Wiehle 1965b)
speciesimage
female Vulva, ventral view
(Tullgren 1946)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Sterghiu 1985)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Azheganova 1968)
speciesimage
Habitus
(Sterghiu 1985)
Further taxa

world

add

cp

1. Clubiona aducta Simon, 1932

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Urones 1988b)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Urones 1988b)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Urones 1988b)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Urones 1988b)
speciesimage
female Habitus
(Urones 1988b)
speciesimage
female Habitus, ventral view
(Urones 1988b)

world

add

cp

2. Clubiona alexeevi Mikhailov, 1990

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 1990)

world

add

cp

3. Clubiona andreinii Caporiacco, 1936

speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Caporiacco 1936)

world

add

cp

4. Clubiona bashkirica Mikhailov, 1992

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1992)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, retrolateral-ventral view
(Mikhailov 1992)
speciesimage
male Tibial apophysis, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 1992)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1992)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Mikhailov 1992)

world

add

cp

5. Clubiona congentilis Kulczyński, 1913

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral-ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)

world

add

cp

6. Clubiona decora Blackwall, 1859

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Warburton 1892)
speciesimage
male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Warburton 1892)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1987)

world

add

cp

7. Clubiona diniensis Simon, 1878

speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Simon 1932)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Barrientos et al. 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Barrientos et al. 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Simon 1932)

world

add

cp

8. Clubiona facilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1911

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(O. Pickard-Cambridge 1910)
speciesimage
female Prosoma, lateral view
(O. Pickard-Cambridge 1910)
speciesimage
female Habitus, dorsal view
(O. Pickard-Cambridge 1910)

world

add

cp

9. Clubiona frisia Wunderlich & Schuett, 1995

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Locket et al. 1974)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Braendegaard 1966)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Løvbrekke unpubl.)

world

add

cp

10. Clubiona golovatchi Mikhailov, 1990

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 1990)

world

add

cp

11. Clubiona hyrcanica Mikhailov, 1990

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)

world

add

cp

12. Clubiona leucaspis Simon, 1932

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Di Franco 1994c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp
(Di Franco 1994c)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Denton 2016)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Denton 2016)
speciesimage
male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Denton 2016)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
speciesimage
female Epigyne
(Di Franco 1994c)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Denton 2016)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Di Franco 1994c)
speciesimage
female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Roberts 1998)

world

add

cp

13. Clubiona mazandaranica Mikhailov, 2003

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)

world

add

cp

14. Clubiona mykolai Mikhailov, 2003

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
male Palpal tibia
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, variation, ventral view
(Mikhailov 2003)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 2003)

world

add

cp

15. Clubiona pseudosimilis Mikhailov, 1990

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Mikhailov 1990)
speciesimage
female Vulva, dorsal view
(Mikhailov 1990)

world

add

cp

16. Clubiona riparia L. Koch, 1866

speciesimage
male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Song et al. 1999)
speciesimage
female Vulva
(Song et al. 1999)

world

add

cp

17. Clubiona saltuum Kulczyński, 1898

speciesimage
female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1898)
18. Clubiona corticalis concolor Kulczyński, 1897 world
19. Clubiona corticalis nigra Simon, 1878 world
20. Clubiona deterrima Strand, 1904 world