Hahniidae: Cryphoeca

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Tibia of male pedipalp without retrolaterally / proximally projecting apophysis; retrolateral/distal apophysis short, notched; conductor long; embolus whip-like; females with long, convoluted entrance ducts

lichenum-group

  2  

- Tibial of male pedipalp with retrolaterally / proximally projecting apophysis; conductor shorter; females with shorter entrance ducts

silvicola-group

  3  

2
(1)

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Male pedipalp with very thin embolus; tibia near base with a robust bipartite apophysis; vulva with convoluted entrance ducts

Cryphoeca lichenum L. Koch, 1876

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female Vulva
(Thaler 1978a)
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Male pedipalp as fig.; vulva more strongly structured as in lichenum; without pattern, melanistic; males genital morphologically not distinguishable from nominate form lichenum, therefore separated as subspecies

Cryphoeca lichenum nigerrima Thaler, 1978

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male Pedipalp, dorsal view
(Thaler 1978a)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
3
(1)

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Tibia of male pedipalp wing-like extended anteriorly; terminal part of vulva V-shaped, with short branches

Cryphoeca brignolii Thaler, 1980

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1980b)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Thaler 1980b)
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female Epigyne
(Thaler 1980b)
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female Vulva
(Thaler 1980b)
- Thumb-shaped apophysis; epigyne different (females of following species hardly distinguishable with characters of epigyne/vulva, suitable diagnostic characters: pattern, habitat, distribution and males caught in the same place)

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4
(3)

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Dorso-distal retrolateral apophysis of pedipalp tibia undivided; tibia of male pedipalp with 2 dorsal apophysis; lateral parts of vulva mostly narrower than median parts; uniformly brown species

Cryphoeca nivalis Schenkel, 1919

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male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Apophysis divided

  5  

5
(4)

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Apophysis bipartite; male pedipalp with a bipartite ventral tibial apophysis; vulva as fig.; pattern contrast-rich

Cryphoeca silvicola (C. L. Koch, 1834)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Dahl 1931)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1998)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Brignoli 1976a)
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female Vulva
(Dahl 1931)
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Eyes, frontal view
(Dahl 1931)
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Apophysis tripartite; tibia of male pedipalp with 3 dorsal apophysis; lateral parts of vulva mostly as wide as median parts; unicoloured black species

Cryphoeca carpathica Herman, 1879

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Palpal tibia
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
Further taxa

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1. Cryphoeca pirini (Drensky, 1921)

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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Drensky 1942)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Brignoli 1978a)

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2. Cryphoeca thaleri Wunderlich, 1995

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Wunderlich 1995h)
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male Palpal tibia, dorsal view
(Wunderlich 1995h)