Araneidae: Cyclosa

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Opisthosoma posteriorly with 1 dorsal protuberance, reaching beyond spinnerets; median apophysis of male pedipalp with 1 tooth; embolus long and thin; distal apophysis short and rectangularly bent; epigyne very broad

Cyclosa conica (Pallas, 1772)

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Azheganova 1968)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1931)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Median apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
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female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
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female Habitus
(Loksa 1972)
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female Habitus
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Habitus
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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Eyes, dorsal view
(Loksa 1969)
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Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Azheganova 1968)
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Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Wiehle 1931)
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Opisthosoma posteriorly with 3 dorsal protuberances, anteriorly 2; median apophysis of male pedipalp distally with 2 stout jags; embolus long and robust; distal apophysis rectangularly bent, with very long tip; epigyne with long, first anteriorly then posteriorly bent scapus

Cyclosa oculata (Walckenaer, 1802)

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1931)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Azheganova 1968)
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male Bulbus
(Roberts 1995)
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male Median apophysis
(Loksa 1972)
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female Epigyne
(Azheganova 1968)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1931)
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female Epigyne
(Loksa 1972)
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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Wiehle 1931)
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Habitus
(Azheganova 1968)
Further taxa

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1. Cyclosa algerica Simon, 1885

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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Levi 1977a)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levi 1977a)
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female Epigyne, posterior view
(Simon 1929)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levi 1977a)
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female Epigyne, posterior view
(Levi 1977a)

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2. Cyclosa groppalii Pesarini, 1998

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male Pedipalp, anterior view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Habitus, lateral view
(Bosselaers unpubl.)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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female Epigyne, dorsal view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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female Vulva, ventral view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)
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female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Bosmans et al. 2013)

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3. Cyclosa insulana (Costa, 1834)

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male Pedipalp, anterior view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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male Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Groppali et al. 1998)
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female Epigyne
(Locket 1980)
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female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Locket 1980)
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female Habitus
(Locket 1980)

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4. Cyclosa sierrae Simon, 1870

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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Levy 1998a)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Levy 1998a)
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male Pedipalp, prolateral view
(Lecigne 2013)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Lecigne 2013)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Kulczyński 1907)
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male Coxae IV
(Levy 1998a)
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male Tibia II
(Levy 1998a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Levy 1998a)
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female Epigyne, lateral view
(Levy 1998a)
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female Epigyne, posterior view
(Levy 1998a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Kulczyński 1907)
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female Epigyne, lateral view
(Kulczyński 1907)
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female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Levy 1998a)
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female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Levy 1998a)