Theridiidae: Dipoena

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1
The whole body black

  7  

- Not the whole body black

  2  

2
(1)

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Male pedipalp with hammer-shaped bulbal apophysis; epigyne horseshoe-like sclerotised

Dipoena melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837)

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1937)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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Habitus, lateral view
(Wiehle 1937)
- Different

  3  

3
(2)

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Distal bulbal apophysis massive, with blunt process; epigyne is a longish groove; prosoma in males very high

Dipoena torva (Thorell, 1875)

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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Pesarini 2000)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller 1967)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Aakra unpubl.)
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female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1937)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Miller 1967)
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Prosoma, frontal view
(Miller 1967)
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Habitus, lateral view
(Aakra unpubl.)
- Distal bulbal apophysis without process; epigyne different

  4  

4
(3)

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Bulbal apophysis distally with 2 robust tips; copulatory openings of epigyne widely separated; male prosoma elevated

Lasaeola prona (Menge, 1868)

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1937)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Prosoma, lateral view
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
- Bulbal apophysis different; copulatory openings in a transverse oval groove

  5  

5
(4)

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Embolus short, with very strongly thickened base

Dipoena erythropus (Simon, 1881)

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1950a)
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male Prosoma, dorsal view
(Denis 1950a)
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female Epigyne
(Denis 1950a)
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female Epigyne
(Jäger & Ono 2000)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Jäger & Ono 2000)
- Embolus uniformly tapering; epigynal groove transverse oval

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6
(5)

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Embolus bent; epigynal groove situated near epigastric furrow; entrance ducts arc-shaped, visible through epigyne; male prosoma little elevated

Phycosoma inornatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861)

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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Wiehle 1937)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
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Embolus with a ± right angled bend; epigynal groove far anterior to epigastric furrow; male prosoma very high

Dipoena nigroreticulata (Simon, 1880)

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male Pedipalp
(Finch 1999)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Finch 1999)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Miller 1967)
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Prosoma, frontal view
(Miller 1967)
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Prosoma, dorsal view
(Miller 1967)
7
(1)

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Embolus very short and fine; distal bulbal apophysis with 2 small tips; copulatory openings of epigyne widely separated and hardly visible

Lasaeola coracina (C. L. Koch, 1837)

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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1947)
- Embolus long and robust; copulatory openings of epigyne in a transverse oval groove

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8
(7)

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Conductor broad at base, membranous; epigynal groove very close to epigastric furrow; entrance ducts short

Lasaeola tristis (Hahn, 1833)

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Miller 1967)
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male Pedipalp
(Aakra unpubl.)
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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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male Pedipalp
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Locket & Millidge 1953)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
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Habitus, lateral view
(Aakra unpubl.)
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Conductor robust and pointed; epigynal groove far anterior to epigastric furrow; entrance ducts long, spiral

Dipoena braccata (C. L. Koch, 1841)

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male Pedipalp
(Wiehle 1937)
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male Pedipalp
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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male Pedipalp
(Miller 1967)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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female Epigyne
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Miller 1967)
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female Vulva
(Wiehle 1937)
Further taxa

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1. Dipoena croatica (Chyzer, 1894)

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male Pedipalp
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1894)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Chyzer & Kulczyński 1894)

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2. Dipoena galilaea Levy & Amitai, 1981

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male Pedipalp, lateral view
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Eyes
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Spinnerets
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Habitus, dorsal view
(Lissner unpubl.)
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male Habitus, lateral view
(Lissner unpubl.)
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female Epigyne
(Levy & Amitai 1981)
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female Vulva, dorsal view
(Levy & Amitai 1981)
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female Prosoma, lateral view
(Levy & Amitai 1981)
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female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Levy & Amitai 1981)
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female Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Levy & Amitai 1981)
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female Opisthosoma, lateral view
(Levy & Amitai 1981)

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3. Dipoena latifrons Denis, 1951

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male Pedipalp
(Denis 1950a)
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Prosoma, lateral view
(Denis 1950a)
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Prosoma, dorsal view
(Denis 1950a)

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4. Dipoena umbratilis (Simon, 1873)

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male Pedipalp
(Machado 1949)
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female Prosoma, frontal view
(Simon 1873a)
5. Dipoena lindholmi (Strand, 1910) world
6. Dipoena lugens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1909) world
7. Dipoena praecelsa Simon, 1914 world
8. Dipoena sedilloti (Simon, 1885) world
9. Dipoena sericata (Simon, 1880) world