Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Holocnemus  Simon, 1875   3 species

Holocnemus pluchei  (Scopoli, 1763)


Prosoma whitish, often with dark longitudinal band. Sternum black. Chelicerae with lateral stridulatory ridges. Legs: femur I with a prolateral series of 30 to 36 spines. Femur with dark spots, femur I and tibia I ventrally with numerous, short spines. Opisthosoma whitish, dorsally with vague spots, ventrally with black longitudinal band..

Body length male: 5-7 mm

Palp light brownish, tarsus darker, tibia and tarsus widened. Colouration whitish, prosoma often with dark band, sternum black, with a strong tubercle between coxae IV. Eyes: AME less than one diameter apart. Opisthosoma dorsally with a median red-brown band, ventrally with a wide longitudinal dark band. Opisthosoma oval, without extension behind.

Body length female: 5-7.5 mm
Additional information

Under rocks, in warm terrain, in caves and basements, large webs with irregular meshes.

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

  No data
Distribution comment: Ukraine: A. Nadolny (pers. comm.)
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Mediterranean, introduced elsewhere
 male  female

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04-04-2017 Distribution update Old value
24-01-2017 Distribution update Old value
01-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
05-03-2015 Image insert
15-07-2014 Distribution update Old value
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value