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Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araniella  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942   7 species

Araniella proxima  (Kulczyński, 1885)

Description

Male palp with long median apophysis, uniformly bent sickle-like toward tip. Epigyne with narrow scapus (1/2 width of epigyne at most), tapering and reaching far beyond epigyne. Epigyne deeply incised on both sides of scapus and with strongly sclerotised tails. Prosoma light brown to brown, male: almost always with dark marginal band. Opisthosoma dorsally with 0-4 pairs of black lateral spots, ventrally almost unexceptionally without distinct spots within (not always) dark median field.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 6-8 mm
Additional information

Mainly in the mountains. Biology mostly unknown

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Turkey, Iran, Kazakhstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Almquist S (2005) Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Syst Evol, Suppl 62: 1-124

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Farlund M (2012) Norwegian Spiders - Norske edderkopper. Online at http://crocea.wordpress.com/norsk-artsliste/

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Sacher P (1984) Bemerkungen zum Material der Gattung Araniella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum Wien (Arachnida, Araneidae). Ann Naturhist Mus Wien 86: 243-249

Sacher P (1990) Untersuchungen über Zahl, Anordnung und taxonomischen Wert der dorso-lateralen Abdominalpunkte in der Gattung Araniella (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zool Fennica 190: 345-349

Uyar Z, Bosmans R, Uğurtaş, I H (2014) New faunistic data for the family Araneidae (Araneae) in West Anatolia (Turkey). Entomological News 124: 120-130

Vidal E (2014) Découverte en France d’Araniella proxima (Kulczyński, 1885) (Araneae, Araneidae). Revue Arachnologique 2 1: 13-14

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
08-04-2016 Image insert
23-02-2016 Image insert
13-10-2014 Distribution update Old value
20-05-2014 Distribution update Old value
13-05-2014 Distribution update Old value
26-02-2014 Distribution update Old value