Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Drassodes  Westring, 1851   37 species

Drassodes pubescens  (Thorell, 1856)

Description

Male palp with large distal bulbal apophysis, partly covering embolus. Epigyne with ridges almost touching each other in the middle. Prosoma light brown to brown, margin dark. Sternum light brown to brown, margin dark. Opisthosoma brown to light brown.

Body length male: 6-7.3 mm
Body length female: 5.3-9.6 mm
Additional information

in very dry to swampy areas, from rocky steppes, grass leas and heathland to open coniferous and deciduous forests, from lowland up to alpine area. Under stones, bark and in ground litter during the day

Frequency: Frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Europe, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Russia, Central Asia, China, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Barrientos J A, Moya J, García-Sarrión R, Uribarri I, Melic A, Prieto C E, Moraza M L & Zaragoza J A (2017) Arácnidos del Parque Natural de Cabo de Gata-Níjar (Almería, España). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 30: 107-138

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Chatzaki M, Thaler K, Mylonas M (2002b) Ground spiders (Gnaphosidae, Araneae) of Crete and adjacent areas of Greece. Taxonomy and distribution. II. Rev Suisse Zool 109: 603-633

Guiming T, Daxiang S, Feng Z (2002) A redescription of tow species of family Gnaphosidae from China (Arachnide: Araneae). Acta Arachnologica Sinica 11: 33-36

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Miller F (1971) Pavouci-Araneida In: Daniel M & Cerny V. (Hrsg.) Klic zvireny CSSR, Dil. IV. Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved, Prag: 51-306

Nolan M, Regan E C (2008) Drassodes pubescens (Thorell) (Araneae, Gnaphosidae): a spider new to Ireland from calcareous grassland Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 32: 128-131 pdf

Noordam A P (1992) Gnaphosidae (Araneae) of the Netherlands, drawings, some notes, and some thoughts about ant-mimicry. Published by the author.

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pérez-Pérez J-A (1985) Artrópodos epigeos del macizo de San Juan de la Peña (Jaca, Prov. de Huesca), VIII. Arañas gnafósidas Pirineos 126: 61-80

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

van Helsdingen P J (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
05-09-2017 Image insert
12-08-2017 Image insert
04-05-2017 Distribution update Old value
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value