Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Psilochorus  Simon, 1893   1 species

Psilochorus simoni  (Berland, 1911)

Description
Male

Prosoma yellowish to light brown, slightly darkened in the middle. Legs yellowish to light brown. Opisthosoma bluish grey, egg-shaped. Spinnerets situated more anteriorly.

Body length male: 1.9-3 mm
Female

Epigyne appears as a simple transverse slit. Prosoma and legs yellowish to light grey. Opisthosoma very globular, grey with a bluish tinge.

Body length female: 1.9-3 mm
Additional information

In buildings, usually in wine cellars, in caves. Builds umbrella-shaped webs and hangs upside down

This species of North American origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): USA. Introduced to Europe, Turkey, New Zealand
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91

Kritscher E (1970) Physocyclus simoni Berland 1911 (Aran., Pholcidae), eine für Österreich neue Spinnenart. Anz Österr Akad Wiss Math-Naturwiss Kl 106: 138-142

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Svatoň J, Gajdoš P, Černecká L, Franc V, Korenko S, Kovalčík R, Krumpálová Z (2009) Pavúky – Araneae. In: Mašán P, Mihál I (eds.), Pavúkovce Cerovej Vrchoviny. Arachnids of the Cerová Vrchovina Highland (Arachnida: Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari), Institute of Forest Ecology, Zvolen: 21–123

van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017

Updates
13-10-2017 Distribution update Old value
30-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value