Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Zygiella  F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902   4 species

Zygiella x-notata  (Clerck, 1757)

Description

Tibia of male palpal only slightly longer than wide. Epigyne with groove, covered by thick chitinous bulges. Prosoma yellow-brown, margin and region between fovea and eye region darkened. Sternum almost black, with yellow median spot. Chelicerae dark brown to black. Legs dark brown, annulated and spotted with black. Opisthosoma black, yellow and grey patterned, middle of folium often shiny silver, ventrally with dark median stripe.

Body length male: 3.5-8 mm
Body length female: 5.7-12 mm
Additional information

on buildings and fences, rarely on trees and rocks

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus. Introduced to North America, Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, China, Japan, Réunion
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

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World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2