Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Mangora  O. P.-Cambridge, 1889   1 species

Mangora acalypha  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description

Prosoma light greenish, with black margin and median stripe. Sternum almost black. Legs yellowish. Tibia III with 2 rows of plumose trichobothria. Opisthosoma whitish yellow, rarely greenish, posteriorly with 3 rows of black spots followed by longitudinal stripes, remaining pattern irregular, mostly consisting of longitudinal stripes. Ventrally black with 2 pairs of large, yellow spots.

Body length male: 3-3.5 mm
Body length female: 5.5-6 mm
Additional information

On grass and herbs near the ground, mostly in warm, sunny localities

Frequency: Frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Madeira, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Near East, Caucasus to Central Asia, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Crespo L C, Cardoso P, Henriques S, Gaspar C (2009b) Spiders (Araneae) from Porto Santo (Madeira, Portgal): Additions to the current knowledge. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 45: 471-475

Fritzén N R, Koponen S, Pajunen T (2015) Mangora acalypha new to Finland, with notes on other araneid species spreading northwards (Araneae, Araneidae). Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 91: 33-36

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-02-2017 Image insert
28-12-2015 Distribution update Old value