Eresidae  C. L. Koch, 1845 / Stegodyphus  Simon, 1873   1 species

Stegodyphus lineatus  (Latreille, 1817)

Description
Male

Colouration as in female, but opisthosoma with black stripes wider.

Body length male: 8-15 mm
Female

Prosoma uniformly dark red brown, with longitudinal rows of white hairs. Prosoma 5.1-8.1 mm long. Sternum and legs lighter than prosoma, with blackish and white hairs. Opisthosoma covered with white hairs, and with 2 longitudinal black stripes.

Body length female: 10-23 mm
Additional information

In sunny and dry areas, bushes, shrubs, Ombelliferae. This species has a colonial life style during the early stages, but adults are solitary. Young spiders remain gregarious when they come out of the egg sac. During the earliest stages the spiders are completely dependent on maternal feeding by regurgitation. Adults have solitary living, but sometimes adult males have been observed close to the female in the same web. Females have been reported to reach maturity after 9 moultings, and males after 7 to 9 moultings. Adult females may continue to moult.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Europe, North Africa to Tajikistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Miller J A, Griswold C E, Scharff N, Rezác M, Szüts T, Marhabaie M (2012) The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys 195: 1-144

Otto S (2015) Caucasian Spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4.3. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 23.01.2017

Updates
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
19-11-2013 Image insert
09-04-2013 Distribution update Old value