Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   160 species

Dysdera westringi  O. P.-Cambridge, 1872

Description
Male

Bulb 1.2 mm long. Prosoma 3.4 mm long.

Female

Prosoma dark brown to blackish, covered with unequal and irregular punctures. Prosoma 4.1 mm long. Eyes: posteriors equal in size, anteriors less than one diameter apart, larger than posteriors. Legs: femur III spineless or with one dorsal spine, femur IV spineless or with one to 3 spines, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV and posterior metatarsus with numerous spines.

Additional information

In pine forests, fields, calcareous rocks, usually under stones, also under bark. Altitude up to 1800 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Omitted from the Italian checklist by Pantini & Isaia (2015)
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Eastern Mediterranean
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes probably all the year.
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
29-12-2014 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value