Agelenidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Eratigena  Bolzern, Burckhardt & Hänggi, 2013   20 species

Eratigena atrica  (C. L. Koch, 1843)

Description

Tibial apophysis with distally pointed process. Conductor with slightly bent tip, pointing toward bulbus. Vulva anteriorly with 2 globular structures close to each other. Prosoma yellowish-grey, with 2 broad, dark brown to black longitudinal stripes. Sternum grey-brown, with brighter median part and bright spots near coxa. Legs yellowish-grey, unicoloured. Opisthosoma grey-brown, dorsally with 2 longitudinal rows of yellowish spots and slender, yellow median stripe.

Body length male: 10-14 mm
Body length female: 11-16 mm
Additional information

In warm localities under stones, often in buildings.

This species can bite humans, usually when they try to catch or remove it with their hands. The bite is not very painful and an occasional moderate local swelling disappears within a few hours.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2017)

Frequency: Frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe. Introduced to Canada, USA
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
females: all the year round
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Dahl M (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI: Familie Agelenidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 1-136

Dresco E (1957) Description d'une espèce nouvelle de Tegeneria et remarques sur Tegenaria saeva Black[.] et atrica C. Koch (Araneae, Agelenidae). Vie Milieu 8: 211-220

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311

Jäger P (1995a) Faunistische Untersuchungen an Spinnen (Araneae) der Wahner Heide (Nordrhein-Westfalen) mit Anmerkungen zur Biologie und Taxonomie. Diplomarbeit, Zoologisches Institut, Universität zu Köln

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (in press) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research early view

Merrett P (1980) Notes on the variation, identification and distribution of British species of the Tegenaria atrica group (Araneae, Agelenidae). Bull Br Arachnol Soc 5: 1-8

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
28-04-2014 Distribution update Old value
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value