Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Zygiella  F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902   4 species

Zygiella atrica  (C. L. Koch, 1845)

Description
Tibia of male male palp more than four times as long as wide. Epigyne with clearly visible groove. Prosoma yellowish-brown, with slender dark margin and vague dark median line. Sternum blackish, with large yellow median spot. Chelicerae brown. Legs yellow-brown, darkly annulated. Opisthosoma black, reddish, yellow and silvery patterned, ventrally with dark median stripe. Body length male: 4.5-7 mm
Body length female: 8-9.5 mm
Additional information
mainly on free standing trees, bushes and fences
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe to East Russia (Sachalin), Japan. Introduced to USA, Canada
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2