Anapidae  Simon, 1895 / Zangherella  Caporiacco, 1949   3 species

Zangherella relicta  (Kratochvil, 1935)


Characters as in female, but opisthosoma with a dorsal and a ventral scutum.

Body length male: 1.2 mm

Very similar to Z. apuliae. Prosoma reddish brown. Eyes: PME less than one diameter apart, and 2 diameters from PLE, lateral eyes contiguous. Clypeus as high as the length of chelicerae. Tarsus I with 4 short strong prolateral spines. Opisthosoma whitish, without scutum.

Body length female: 1.4 mm
Additional information

In caves. Strongly modified anapid orb web, similar to Comaroma simoni.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2017)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Montenegro, Bulgaria

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M, Stoev P (2011a) A survey of spiders (Araneae) inhabiting the euedaphic soil stratum and the superficial underground compartment in Bulgaria. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 40: 33-46

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (in press) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research early view

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (1980a) Über europäische Symphytognathidae (Arach.: Araneae). Verh Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 23: 259-273

18-12-2014 Image insert