Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Synaphosus  Platnick & Shadab, 1980   4 species

Synaphosus palearcticus  Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994


Tibial apophysis retrolaterally with hook. Embolus long, thread-like, with pointed process on retrolateral base. Epigyne anteriorly with depression. Vulva with strongly convoluted receptacula.

Body length male: 3.1 mm
Body length female: 4.15 mm
Additional information

On Crete in Phrygana

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Greece, Turkey to Central Asia

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at

Chatzaki M, Thaler K, Mylonas M (2002b) Ground spiders (Gnaphosidae, Araneae) of Crete and adjacent areas of Greece. Taxonomy and distribution. II. Rev Suisse Zool 109: 603-633

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet:

Ponomarev A V, Belosludtsev E A, Dvadnenko K V (2008) Spiders (Aranei) of the lower Volga region (Astrakhan and Volgograd areas of Russia) with the description of new taxa. Caucasian entomol Bull 4: 163-185

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

06-10-2015 Distribution update Old value