Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araneus  Clerck, 1757   24 species

Araneus circe  (Audouin, 1826)

Description
Male

Male palp with wing-like broadened distal apophysis. Epigyne with narrow, slit-like median part beneath scapus. Prosoma dark brown, eye region sometimes brighter. Sternum dark brown, with yellow longish spot. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs light brown, with dark and broad annulations. Tibia II male: with long and stout spines, distal spines on distinct tubercles. Opisthosoma light and dark brown patterned, striking cross-shaped white pattern between humps.

Opisthosoma anteriorly light grey, medially with small white cross which separated from the design of the posterior half of the opisthosoma. Posterior design of opisthosoma darker and brown, with median pattern resembling the Araneus-type.

Body length male: 13.5-14.5 mm
Female

Opisthosoma anteriorly light grey, medially with small white cross which separated from the design of the posterior half of the opisthosoma. Posterior design of opisthosoma darker and brown, with median pattern resembling the Araneus-type.

Body length female: 15-21.2 mm
Additional information

On rocks and buildings

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Germany: see comment by Blick et al. (2016)
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Southern Europe, Turkey, Russia
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Blick T, Finch O-D, Harms K H, Kiechle J, Kielhorn K-H , Kreuels M, Malten A, Martin D, Muster C, Nährig D, Platen R, Rödel I, Scheidler M, Staudt A, Stumpf H, Tolke D (2016) Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) Deutschlands. 3. Fassung, Stand April 2008, einzelne Änderungen und Nachträge bis August 2015. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70/4: 383-510

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kolosváry G (1935a) Neue Beiträge zur Biologie der Tierwelt der Ungarländischen Junipereten. Folia zool hydrobiol 7: 203-216

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Thaler K (1991b) Pachygnatha terilis n.sp. aus den Südalpen, mit Bemerkungen zu einigen Araneidae der Alpenländer (Arachnida: Aranei, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae). Ber Nat - Med Ver Innsbruck 78: 47-57

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-03-2015 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value