Dictynidae  O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 / Brigittea  Lehtinen, 1967   5 species

Brigittea civica  (Lucas, 1850)

Description

Tibial apophysis ± as long as wide. Conductor sickle-shaped. Epigyne with distinctly marked anterior margin. Prosoma dark brown, with blackish margin. Sternum dark brown to black. Chelicerae dark brown to black. Legs light brown, distal segments sometimes with dark annulations. Femur darker. Opisthosoma yellowish grey, dorsally with large, brown spot in heart region, posteriorly with 2 longitudinal rows each consisting of 3 brown spots, laterally darker.

Body length male: 2.3-3.5 mm
Body length female: 2.3-3.5 mm
Additional information

Sometimes in colonies on walls of buildings and rocks

Frequency: Rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Iran. Introduced to North America
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Grbic G, Savic D (2010) Contribution to the knowledge of the spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae) on the Fruška Gora Mt. Acta ento serbica 15: 243-260

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N Y, Prokopenko E V (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arthropoda Selecta (Suppl.) 2: 1-268

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

van Helsdingen P J, IJland S (2015) A quick scan of the spider fauna in the surroundings of Përmet, Albania (Arachnida, Araneae) - Preliminary report. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 35: 15-33

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017

Updates
24-12-2015 Distribution update Old value
24-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value
09-04-2013 Distribution update Old value