Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   160 species

Dysdera erythrina  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description
Male

Bulb 1.4 mm long. Prosoma 3.8 mm long. Prosoma with parallel margins, head region slightly protruding. Sternum orange-brown to dark red-brown. Chelicerae with concave anterior cheliceral furrow margin.

Body length male: 6-8 mm
Female

Vulva rounded anteriorly in dorsal view, anterior process of receptaculum seminis often appearing bipartite outwardly, narrowed medially. Prosoma  4.1 mm long. Sternum almost smooth. Eyes: PME smallest, anteriors at the most one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 3 teeth. Legs: reddish yellow, femur spineless, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV with 7 or 8 spines, posterior metatarsus with numerous spines. Opisthosoma greyish or whitish, almost hairless.

Comparison of D. crocata / D. erythrina by J.-P. Taberlet: PDF

Body length female: 9-14 mm
Additional information

In heathlands, grasslands, vineyards, gardens, under stones and bark, in litter, also in caves.

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from other countries misidentifcations or have to be confirmed (Řezáč et al. 2018b)
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Southwestern and Western to Central Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adult specimens live several years. Female with egg sac from May to August.
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Řezáč M, Arnedo M A, Opatova V, Musilová J, Řezáčová V, Král J (2018b) Taxonomic revision and insights into the speciation mode of the spider Dysdera erythrina species-complex (Araneae : Dysderidae): sibling species with sympatric distributions. Invertebrate Systematics 32: 10-54

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-01-2018 Image insert
15-01-2018 Distribution update Old value