Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Hilaira  Simon, 1884   10 species

Hilaira excisa  (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

Description
Male palp with simple tegular apophysis. Tibial apophysis straight, pointed, lateral bulge with indicated tip. Epigyne with broad median plate. Prosoma brown, rarely lighter yellowish. Male: with slightly elevated head region, with small protuberance behind eyes. Sternum brown, with a tinge of black. Chelicerae brown, robust. Anterior cheliceral furrow margin with 5 denticles. Legs yellow-brown, robust. Opisthosoma brownish dark grey to almost black, rarely with brighter stripes or spots. Body length male: 2.5-3 mm
Body length female: 2.5-3 mm
Additional information
in very humid moss, mostly at shadowed places, from the plain to low mountain range

Frequency: Frequent

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Russia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

Wiehle H (1963b) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der deutschen Spinnenfauna III. Zool Jb Syst 90: 227-298

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
25-02-2014 Image insert