Synaphridae  Wunderlich, 1986 / Synaphris  Simon, 1894   3 species

Synaphris lehtineni  Marusik, Gnelitsa & Kovblyuk, 2005


Male palp relatively short with typical lamella, no tibial apophyses present, tibia round and lying near cymbium. Cymbium capsule-like, bipartite, one part round and covered with hairs, the other one transparent, hairless, semicircular with long furrow. Embolus long, whip-like and thin, roundish at base. Epigyne oval. Vulva with entrance duct twisted 3-4 times and globular receptaculum. Prosoma brown, slightly wrinkled, with black margins. Sternum brown. Chelicerae with big tooth. Opisthosoma grey-brown to black.

Body length male: 0.96-1.09 mm
Additional information

Found in steppy, grassy slope with spiny shrubbery, Crimea. This species constructs a sheet web.

Frequency: Very rarely found

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Marusik Y M, Gnelitsa V A, Kovblyuk M M (2005a) A new species of Synaphris (Araneae, Synaphridae) from Ukraine. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 13: 125-130

Nae A (2015) Synaphris lehtineni, Marusik, Gnelista & Kovliuk, 2005 (Synaphridea, Araneae) - new record for the Romanian fauna. Trav Inst Spéol "Émile Racovitza" 54: 27-31

Naumova M V, Blagoev G, Dimitrov D, Lazarov S, Deltshev C (2017) New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae) of Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 69: 477-481

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

13-10-2017 Distribution update Old value
11-03-2016 Distribution update Old value