Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Gnaphosa  Latreille, 1804   65 species

Gnaphosa bicolor  (Hahn, 1833)

Description

Palp female: yellow-orange, male: with short, stout spines on femur and tibia. Epigyne with striking transverse folds of epigynal groove. Prosoma dark red-brown to black-brown. Femur yellow-orange. Metatarsus and coxa yellow-orange. Opisthosoma dark red-brown to black-brown.

Body length male: 6.2-8.4 mm
Body length female: 6.8-10 mm
Additional information

in hilly and mountainous terrain, in bright forests or rocky steppes, under stones during the day, in leaf litter layer, up to 1000 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe to Ukraine, Georgia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Ovtsharenko V I, Platnick N I, Song D X (1992) A review of the North Asian ground spiders of the genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 212: 1-88

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
09-04-2013 Distribution update Old value