Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   143 species

Dysdera crocata  C. L. Koch, 1838

Description
Male

Bulb 1.5 mm long. Prosoma 4.6 mm long. Prosoma with broad and shallow head region. Chelicerae light to dark red-brown, stout, anterior cheliceral furrow margin straight or convex. Femur IV with 1-4 spines. Tibia IV mostly with on spine ventrally.

Body length male: 11-15 mm
Female

Vulva angular anteriorly, anterior process of receptaculum seminis appears uniformly broad, outwardly bent. Prosoma red-brown, with fine grains. Eyes: PME slightly larger than PLE, anteriors one diameter apart. Legs: femur IV usually with 2 dorsal spines, tibia III with 4 to 9 spines, tibia IV with 4 to 10 spines, metatarsus III and IV with numerous spines.

Comparison of D. crocata / D. erythrina by J.-P. Taberlet: PDF

Body length female: 9-10 mm
Additional information

In forests, marshes, dunes, gardens. Under stones, logs, in litter, moss. Also in caves, quarries, damp cellars.

This species can bite humans. The bite may be moderately painful and has a median duration of 40 minutes, in one third of cases pain is described as severe. There may also be moderate local itchiness and redness.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Cosmopolitan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Live several years as adults. Both sexes with a peak in June.
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S (2017) The Spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 01.08.2017)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Burger M (unpubl.)

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2015) Caucasian Spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4.3. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Vetter R S, Isbister G K (2006) Verified bites by the woodlouse spider, Dysdera crocata. Toxicon 47: 826–829

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 23.01.2017

Updates
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Old value