Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Gibbaranea  Archer, 1951   6 species

Gibbaranea gibbosa  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description

Male palp with small median apophysis. Epigyne with scapus that completely overlaps lateral parts. Prosoma dark brown. Sternum dark brown. Legs light brown, darkly annulated. Opisthosoma very variably in colour, light brown or greenish grey, folium grey-green, sometimes with white margin, rarely red-brown with vague folium. Anteriorly with dorsal tubercles directed upwards.

Body length male: 5.5-6 mm
Body length female: 7-8 mm
Additional information

On trees and bushes, mostly in warm regions of the plain

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Record from Albania doubtful (Vrenozi, pers. comm.), therefore removed
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe to Azerbaijan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Biteniekyte M, Relys V (2012) The checklist of Lithuanian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Biologija 57: 148-158

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Lissner J, Bosmans R (2016) Description of a new Gibbaranea (Araneae: Araneidae) from the Western Mediterranean. Arachnologische Mitteilungen/Arachnology Letters 52: 25-30

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

van Helsdingen P J, IJland S (2015) A quick scan of the spider fauna in the surroundings of Përmet, Albania (Arachnida, Araneae) - Preliminary report. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 35: 15-33

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
15-01-2017 Image insert
24-12-2015 Distribution update Old value
30-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
20-05-2014 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value