Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Zygiella  F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902   4 species

Zygiella montana  (C. L. Koch, 1834)

Description
Bulbus distally with large, hook-shaped apophysis. Epigyne equal or more than two times as wide as long. Prosoma red-brown, with fine, dark margin and dark median line. Sternum almost black. Chelicerae dark red-brown. Legs dark red-brown, sometimes annulated with black or spotted. Opisthosoma grey, yellow or black, with pattern, ventrally with broad, black median stripe. Body length male: 6 mm
Body length female: 8.5-9 mm
Additional information
in the mountains mostly above 1000 m, on buildings, rocks, trees and bushes
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Uzbekistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2