Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   160 species

Dysdera ninnii  Canestrini, 1868

Description
Male

Bulb 1.1 mm long. Prosoma 3.7 mm long. Prosoma carmine red to dark red-brown, with round, distinct depressions. Head region flat. Sternum with round, distinct depressions. Femur spineless. Tibia IV only distally with ventral spines. Opisthosoma carmine-red to dark red-brown.

Body length male: 5-10 mm
Female

Prosoma dark red-brown, 3.8 mm long. Prosoma and sternum covered with punctures. Eyes: anteriors 0.5 diameter apart. Chelicerae with 4 or 5 teeth. Legs: femur IV spineless, tibia III with 2 small spines, tibia IV with one ventral small spine, metatarsus III spineless, metatarsus IV with 2 to 4 spines.

Body length female: 5-10 mm
Additional information

Usually in fallow meadows, also in coniferous or deciduous forests, scree slopes, under stones and in litter. Altitude up to 1500 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from Germany concerning D. moravica (Blick, pers. comm.), therefore deleted
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Central, Southern Europe to Ukraine
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes probably all the year.
Figures
References

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Deltshev C, Vrenosi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – Faunistic and Zoogeographical Review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta zool bulg 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Pesarini C (2001a) Sei nuove specie di Dysderidae d'Italia e di Grecia (Araneae). Atti Soc it Sci nat Museo civ Stor nat Milano 141: 291-301

Rezáč M, Gasparo F, Král J, Heneberg P (2014) Integrative taxonomy and evolutionary history of a newly revealed spider Dysdera ninnii complex (Araneae: Dysderidae). Zool J Linn Soc 172: 451-474

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-02-2016 Distribution update Old value
26-03-2015 Image insert
02-09-2014 Image insert
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value