Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araniella  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942   7 species

Araniella opisthographa  (Kulczyński, 1905)

Description

Male palp with brad-shaped tegular apophysis, median apophysis long and sickle-like bent. Epigyne with scapus, longer than wide, reaching distinctly beyond epigyne. Entrance ducts not or only indistinctly visible through epigyne. Prosoma yellow to red-brown, mostly with dark marginal band in male. Legs yellow to red-brown, often with dark annulations. Femur I male: with 7, rarely 8 bristles distributed on whole length. Opisthosoma yellowish green, with 5 pairs of black lateral dots (5th posterior pair usually small and indistinct (see also Sacher (1990)), ventro-median field rarely darker than its surrounding, often brightened.

Body length male: 3.5-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

On trees, bushes and in herbaceous layer.

Compare with A. cucurbitina.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe to Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Almquist S (2005) Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Syst Evol, Suppl 62: 1-124

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Deltshev C, Vrenosi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – Faunistic and Zoogeographical Review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta zool bulg 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Sacher P (1990) Untersuchungen über Zahl, Anordnung und taxonomischen Wert der dorso-lateralen Abdominalpunkte in der Gattung Araniella (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zool Fennica 190: 345-349

Spasojevic T, Kropf C, Nentwig W, Lasut L (2016) Combining morphology, DNA sequences, and morphometrics: revising closely related species in the orb-weaving spider genus Araniella (Araneae, Araneidae). Zootaxa 4111: 448-470

van Helsdingen P J (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 19.0, accessed on 14.01.2018. doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
23-05-2016 Image insert
08-04-2016 Image insert
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value