Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   26 species

Enoplognatha ovata  (Clerck, 1757)

Description

Conductor with simply rectangularly bent tip. Radix of male palpal smaller than median apophysis (in ventral view). Epigyne with longish groove, without distinct sclerotisation on posterior margin. Prosoma light yellow, with narrow, black margin and dark median stripe. Sternum light yellow, with black margin and median stripe. Chelicerae whitish, male: with robust tooth. Legs bright, almost white. Tibia I always with black terminal ring. Opisthosoma bright, whitish, dorsally often with grey or shiny red pattern and black spots, ventrally with broad, black median stripe.

Body length male: 3-5 mm
Body length female: 6-7.2 mm
Additional information

Very frequent in dense plant growth, in sunny places.

After the split of E. ovata into three species by Hippa & Oksala (1982) it is difficult to attribute the Wiehle (1937) drawings to E. ovata or E. latimana. Therefore, these figures are not given here.

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2017): Holarctic
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Aakra K, Morka G H, Antonson A, Farlund M, Wrånes R E, Frølandshagen R, Løvbrekke H, Furuseth P, Fjellberg A, Lemke M, Pfliegler W P, Andersen S, Olsen K M, Aadland B, Berggren K (2016) Spiders new to Norway (Arachnida, Araneae) with ecological, taxonomical and faunistic comments. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 6-43

Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 11 January 2017], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Deltshev C, Vrenosi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – Faunistic and Zoogeographical Review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta zool bulg 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hippa H, Oksala I (1982) Definition and revision of the Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck) group (Araneae, Theridiidae). Ent Scand 13: 213-222

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Snazell R (1983b) On two spiders recently recorded from Britain. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 6: 93-98

van Helsdingen P J (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 5.10.2017. doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (1976) Zur Kenntnis der mitteleuropäischen Arten der Gattung Enoplognatha Pavesi und Robertus O. Pick. Cambridge Senck Biol 57: 97-112

Updates
14-01-2017 Image insert
18-12-2014 Image insert
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value