Theridiidae: Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  13  

2
(1)
Chelicerae with a long tooth, at its base sometimes with denticles

  3  

- Chelicerae with more than one tooth

  5  

3
(2)

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Embolus and conductor touching each other at base; median apophysis situated more proximally

Enoplognatha afrodite Hippa & Oksala, 1983

female

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Embolus and conductor clearly separated at their base; median apophysis situated more basally

  4  

4
(3)

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Radix smaller than median apophysis (in ventral view); tip of conductor rectangularly bent; chelicerae in males with robust tooth

Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck, 1757)

female

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Radix larger than median apophysis (in ventral view); conductor slightly spiral

Enoplognatha latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982

female

5
(2)
Cheliceral teeth in frontal and posterior position

  6  

- Cheliceral teeth only in cheliceral furrow

  7  

6
(5)

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Median apophysis 3.5 times as long as wide; conductor distally with 2 rounded processes

Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)

female

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Median apophysis twice as long as wide; male chelicerae distally with 2 robust, bent teeth

Enoplognatha caricis (Fickert, 1876)

female

7
(5)
Opisthosoma dorsally uniformly dark or with whitish spots on dark background

  8  

- Opisthosoma dorsally with folium pattern

  9  

8
(7)

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Radix distinctly protruding; relatively short legs; male chelicerae and pedipalp as figs.

Enoplognatha thoracica (Hahn, 1833)

female

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Radix small, inconspicuous; longest teeth on male chelicerae and pedipalp as figs.

Enoplognatha testacea Simon, 1884

female

9
(7)
Secondary apophysis small; embolus long, bent, semicircular and longer

  10  

- Secondary apophysis large; embolus short, less than a semicircle

  11  

10
(9)

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Radix with robust basal tubercles; male chelicerae as fig.

Enoplognatha diversa (Blackwall, 1859)

female

-

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Radix with small basal tubercles; conductor and male chelicerae as figs.

Enoplognatha oelandica (Thorell, 1875)

female

11
(9)

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Radix with large basal tubercles; conductor with simple, short tip; longest tooth of male chelicerae as fig.

Enoplognatha mandibularis (Lucas, 1846)

female

- Radix without basal tubercles

  12  

12
(11)

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Radix mesally with tooth; secondary apophysis distinctly elongated

Enoplognatha serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879)

female

-

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Radix mesally without tooth; secondary apophysis less elongated

Enoplognatha gemina Bosmans & van Keer, 1999

female

13
(1)
Pale in colour; opisthosoma mostly whitish; long legs, femur I more than 1.7 times prosoma length

  14  

- Colour different (grey, olive, brown, black); opisthosoma usually with folium, if whitish, then femur I less than 1.4 times prosoma length

  16  

14
(13)

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Epigyne with narrow median septum

Enoplognatha afrodite Hippa & Oksala, 1983

male

- Different

  15  

15
(14)

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Epigynal groove approx. as long as wide; epigyne with laterally strongly sclerotised posterior margin; vulva as fig.

Enoplognatha latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982

male

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Epigynal groove longish; epigyne without particular sclerotisations on posterior margin

Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck, 1757)

male

16
(13)
Epigyne with arcuate chitinous structures

  17  

- Different

  18  

17
(16)

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Opisthosoma ventrally with white spots; epigynal groove very wide, backwardly bent laterally; vulva as fig.

Enoplognatha caricis (Fickert, 1876)

male

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Opisthosoma ventrally with dark longitudinal stripe; epigyne distinctly wider than long, posterior margin with forward-directed process; vulva as fig.

Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)

male

18
(16)
Opisthosoma without folium pattern

  19  

- opisthosoma with folium pattern

  20  

19
(18)

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Epigyne with small, round central depression; vulva as fig.; prosoma and legs light brown; opisthosoma grey-brown with 3 pairs of white irregular spots, laterally a bright stripe, sometimes broken into spots

Enoplognatha testacea Simon, 1884

male

-

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Different; epigyne and vulva as figs.; relatively short legs; colouration mostly dark brown; opisthosoma dorsally sometimes with several white spots

Enoplognatha thoracica (Hahn, 1833)

male

20
(18)
Epigyne with distinct, mostly oval groove

  21  

- Epigyne with dark, strongly sclerotised depression, with indistinct margins

  22  

21
(20)

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Posterior margin of epigynal groove strongly sclerotised, 3-4 times as wide as diameter of epigynal groove

Enoplognatha diversa (Blackwall, 1859)

male

-

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Sclerotised posterior margin of epigynal groove 1-2 times as wide as diameter of epigynal groove

Enoplognatha oelandica (Thorell, 1875)

male

22
(20)

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Posterior epigynal margin not sclerotised, paler than the sclerotised depression; epigynal groove ± as wide as long

Enoplognatha mandibularis (Lucas, 1846)

male

- Different

  23  

23
(22)

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Posterior epigynal margin elevated; prosoma light brown, margin and radial stripes darker; sternum black-brown; legs light brown, sometimes with dark rings; opisthosoma blackish, ventrally unicoloured, dorsally with large grey-yellow folium which has large black spots laterally and in heart region

Enoplognatha serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879)

male

-

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Posterior epigynal margin flat; prosoma brown, narrowly margined with black; sternum dark brown; legs brown, annulated; opisthosoma dorsally brown, with distinct folium, anteriorly with whitish spot, ventrally grey-brown, spotted with white

Enoplognatha gemina Bosmans & van Keer, 1999

male

Further taxa

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1. Enoplognatha almeriensis Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999

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2. Enoplognatha bryjai Řezáč, 2016

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3. Enoplognatha franzi Wunderlich, 1995

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4. Enoplognatha giladensis (Levy & Amitai, 1982)

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5. Enoplognatha macrochelis Levy & Amitai, 1981

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6. Enoplognatha mariae Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999

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7. Enoplognatha mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981

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8. Enoplognatha monstrabilis Marusik & Logunov, 2002

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9. Enoplognatha nigromarginata (Lucas, 1846)

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10. Enoplognatha parathoracica Levy & Amitai, 1981

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11. Enoplognatha penelope Hippa & Oksala, 1982

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12. Enoplognatha quadripunctata Simon, 1884

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13. Enoplognatha sattleri Bösenberg, 1895

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14. Enoplognatha verae Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999