Salticidae: Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  12  

2
(1)

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Femoral apophysis with 3 pointed processes

Heliophanus tribulosus Simon, 1868

female

- Different

  3  

3
(2)
Femoral apophysis with 2 pointed processes

  4  

- Femoral apophysis with one pointed process

  8  

4
(3)

Processes of femoral apophysis unequally long. See also H. auratus.

  5  

- Processes of femoral apophysis equal in length

  6  

5
(4)

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Embolus short and slightly bent; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus kochii Simon, 1868

female

-

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Embolus long and strongly bent

Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)

female

6
(4)

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Embolus broad, the two tips of femoral apophysis curved

Heliophanus lineiventris Simon, 1868

female

- Embolus narrow

  7  

7
(6)

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Embolus short; tibia with one apophysis; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus melinus L. Koch, 1867

female

-

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Embolus long; bulbus with rectangular protrusion; tibia with 2 apophyses; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus auratus C. L. Koch, 1835

female

8
(3)
Femoral apophysis distally bent

  9  

- Femoral apophysis distally not bent

  10  

9
(8)

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Embolus robust, on its base a distinct protrusion; anterior branch of tibial apophysis robust; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus dubius C. L. Koch, 1835

female

-

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Embolus short and thin; tibial apophysis with 2 pliers-like processes; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus patagiatus Thorell, 1875

female

10
(8)

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Embolus only slightly bent, on its base a robust protrusion; tibial apophysis long and slightly bent; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832)

female

- Embolus S-like bent

  11  

11
(10)

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Embolus long; tibial apophysis with a thin, hook-shaped and a long, pointed process; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)

female

-

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Embolus short and robust; tibial apophysis with a robust, hook-shaped and a short, pointed process; femoral apophysis as fig.

Heliophanus dampfi Schenkel, 1923

female

12
(1)
Epigyne with one groove

  13  

- Epigyne with two grooves

  19  

13
(12)
Epigynal groove also posteriorly surrounded by a distinctly sclerotised margin

  14  

- Epigynal groove at least posteriorly without distinctly sclerotised margin

  17  

14
(13)
Epigynal groove ± triangular

  15  

- Epigynal groove oval

  16  

15
(14)

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Receptaculum seminis posterior to groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus lineiventris Simon, 1868

male

-

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Receptaculum seminis in the middle of groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus tribulosus Simon, 1868

male

16
(14)

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Receptaculum seminis posterior to groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus kochii Simon, 1868

male

-

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Receptaculum seminis in the middle of groove; epigyne as fig.

Heliophanus melinus L. Koch, 1867

male

17
(13)

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Epigynal groove transverse oval; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)

male

- Epigynal groove different, mostly longer than wide

  18  

18
(17)

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Epigynal groove posteriorly with V-like incision; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus dampfi Schenkel, 1923

male

-

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Epigyne different; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)

male

19
(12)
The two epigynal grooves distinctly separated and distant from epigynal margin

  20  

- Different

  21  

20
(19)

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Epigynal grooves near posterior epigynal margin; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus dubius C. L. Koch, 1835

male

-

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Epigynal groove approx. one diameter apart from posterior epigynal margin; vulva as fig.

Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832)

male

21
(19)

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Epigynal grooves touching each other medially or merging, distinctly distant from posterior epigynal margin

Heliophanus auratus C. L. Koch, 1835

male

-

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Epigynal groove laterally open towards posterior epigynal margin

Heliophanus patagiatus Thorell, 1875

male

Further taxa

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1. Heliophanus agricola Wesolowska, 1986

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2. Heliophanus apiatus Simon, 1868

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3. Heliophanus camtschadalicus Kulczyński, 1885

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4. Heliophanus creticus Giltay, 1932

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5. Heliophanus curvidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

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6. Heliophanus decoratus L. Koch, 1875

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7. Heliophanus dunini Rakov & Logunov, 1997

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8. Heliophanus edentulus Simon, 1871

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9. Heliophanus encifer Simon, 1871

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10. Heliophanus equester L. Koch, 1867

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11. Heliophanus feltoni Logunov, 2009

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12. Heliophanus forcipifer Kulczyński, 1895

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13. Heliophanus haymozi Logunov, 2015

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14. Heliophanus ibericus Wesolowska, 1986

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15. Heliophanus koktas Logunov, 1992

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16. Heliophanus konradthaleri Logunov, 2009

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17. Heliophanus mordax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)

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18. Heliophanus ramosus Wesolowska, 1986

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19. Heliophanus rufithorax Simon, 1868

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20. Heliophanus simplex Simon, 1868

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21. Heliophanus stylifer Simon, 1878

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22. Heliophanus turanicus Charitonov, 1969

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23. Heliophanus verus Wesolowska, 1986

world24. Heliophanus cupreus cuprescens (Simon, 1868)
world25. Heliophanus cupreus globifer (Simon, 1868)
world26. Heliophanus mediocinctus Kulczyński, 1898
world27. Heliophanus patagiatus albolineatus Kulczyński, 1901